Hstnotes2 - Christian Western Europe-The Franks- most...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Christian Western Europe-The Franks- most powerful Germanic people to emerge after disintegration of Roman Empire strong military leadership- king and kinship firm alliance with western Christian church Clovis (500?) converts to Pope’s version of Christianity Christmas day of 800 Charlemagne crowned emperor by the Pope- Church+state!- Rome focused on law, medieval focus on oath : your money was land, and currency was worth- Carolingian Empire 814 C.E.— Charlemagne had: 1 . Memory of Roman past (law, orgnization)- Ruled through counts (county!)- political structure, organizations, protection on borders…- Also missi dominici- pairs that enforced his will 2. Germanic: military brilliance (don’t cross him or you get an axe in your head…) 3 . Christian faith- loved to read, study, but couldn’t write and had multiple wives- Dissolution of Carolingian Empire Charlemagne’s 3 grandsons divided holdings in 843: T reaty of Verdun Invasions: Muslims from the south, Hungarian Magyars from the east, Vikings from the north… The Holy Roman Empire- Otto I of Saxony took advantage of decline of Carolingian Empire; established kingdom in northern Germany, mid 10 th century C.E. Twice entered I taly to aid Roman Catholic church Pope John XII named Otto emperor of Holy Roman Empire-Regional monarchies: France and England Capetian France-Hugh Capet succeeded last Carolingian emperor 987 - Slowly expanded authority out from Paris Normans in England- Descendants of Vikings, settled in France- Invaded England in 1066 under William the Conqueror - Dominated the Angles, Saxons, and other Germanic groups-I taly: series of ecclesiastical states, city-states, principalities By 12 th century city-states expanded power into hinterlands Normans invaded southern Italy, displaced Byzantine and Muslim authorities-Iberian Peninsula Muslims controlled most of Iberian peninsula 8-12 th centuries From 11 th century on, Christian conquest of Spanish Muslim territories Late 13 th century Muslims remain only in Grenada-Organizing in a decentralized society Local nobles took over administration from weak central government nominal allegiances but increasing independence- Lords and retainers formation of small private armies incentives: land grants or money formation of hereditary class of retainers owing military service development of other functions: justice, social welfare…- Potential for Instability complex interrelationship of lord-retainer relations Rebellion always a possibility Nevertheless, viable large states developed (Germany, France, England)- Serfs’ rights and obligation Not enslaved, right to pass land onto heirs Obligation to provide labor, payments in kind to lord unable to move from land fee charged for marrying serf of another lord- Manors- large, diverse estates lord provided governance, police, justice services Serfs provided labor, income...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course HST 203 taught by Professor Cowley during the Winter '10 term at Grand Valley State.

Page1 / 15

Hstnotes2 - Christian Western Europe-The Franks- most...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online