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Unformatted text preview: H ISTORY STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Cuneiform- Writing system of Sumerians and Akkadians, where wedge- shaped symbols represented words/syllables, few were literate in it. Adapted to represent other Western Asian languages. Gilgamesh- Flood story, Gilgamesh= hero, shows kings ambition and value Hammurabi- Ruler of Babylon 1792-1750 BCE. Codified laws (an eye for an eye), written on stone. Conquest within Mesopotamia, trade for wood, metal, stone Mesopotamia- early civilizations in modern-day Iraq, supported by Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Unpredictable flooding people at mercy of gods who embody forces of nature Babylon- Largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. Capital during Hammurabis rule and Nebuchadnezzars Monotheism- belief in one god instead of many (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Zoroastrianism) Sumerians- Began written record 5000 BCE. Sumer was worlds first urban civilization Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro- City in Indus valley civilization. Cant excavate very well, cant translate language. But evidence of irrigation, potters wheel, fired bricks, smithing. Unclear why fell. Egypt- Naturally isolated because of desert, supported by the Nile and predictable floods. Unity, King was believed to be divine, Kings word was law. Social divisions less pronounced than Mesopotamian culture, not much slavery, women a little more free. Trade with middle east and sub-Sahara Africa Hatshepsut- Egyptian Queen 1493-1458. Dispatched naval expedition down the Red Sea to Punt in search of myrrh. Some opposition to female ruler....
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- Winter '10