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Unformatted text preview: H ISTORY STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Cuneiform- Writing system of Sumerians and Akkadians, where wedge- shaped symbols represented words/syllables, few were literate in it. Adapted to represent other Western Asian languages. Gilgamesh- Flood story, Gilgamesh= hero, shows king’s ambition and value Hammurabi- Ruler of Babylon 1792-1750 BCE. Codified laws (an eye for an eye), written on stone. Conquest within Mesopotamia, trade for wood, metal, stone… Mesopotamia- early civilizations in modern-day Iraq, supported by Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Unpredictable flooding people at mercy of gods who embody forces of nature Babylon- Largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. Capital during Hammurabi’s rule and Nebuchadnezzar’s Monotheism- belief in one god instead of many (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Zoroastrianism…) Sumerians- Began written record 5000 BCE. Sumer was world’s first urban civilization Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro- City in Indus valley civilization. Can’t excavate very well, can’t translate language. But evidence of irrigation, potter’s wheel, fired bricks, smithing. Unclear why fell. Egypt- Naturally isolated because of desert, supported by the Nile and predictable floods. Unity, King was believed to be divine, King’s word was law. Social divisions less pronounced than Mesopotamian culture, not much slavery, women a little more free. Trade with middle east and sub-Sahara Africa Hatshepsut- Egyptian Queen 1493-1458. Dispatched naval expedition down the Red Sea to Punt in search of myrrh. Some opposition to female ruler....
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course HST 203 taught by Professor Cowley during the Winter '10 term at Grand Valley State.
- Winter '10