History of Civilization Terms Chapter 27(2)

History of Civilization Terms Chapter 27(2) - History of...

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History of Civilization Terms Chapter 27 Progressive movement – mobilized the middle classes to work to eliminate sweatshops, the exploitation of labor, and the abuse of natural resources; Theodore Roosevelt – launched an aggressive campaign to break up the trusts, conserve natural resources, and regulate railroads, food, and drugs Latin America Caudillos – crude military leaders; armed gangs struggled for power Mexican War, 1846-1848 – Mexico was humiliated and the US won Reforma – establish a more democratic republic, destroy the political and economic force of the church, and include the mestizos and Indians in political life Gauchos – colorful, nomadic cowboys and bandits whose way of life has been romanticized in literature and folklore; “dollar diplomacy” – the coordinated activities of American foreign investors and the US Department of State to obtain and protect concessions for the investors; won products such as sugar, bananas, and oil from more than a dozen Latin American republics Cuba: Spanish-American War, 1898 – the US won recognition as a world power and possession of a conglomeration of islands in the Pacific Ocean as well as in the Caribbean; Panama Canal – US built it United Kingdom Gladstone – one of the great orators of his day; political reformer Disraeli – went from liberalism to conservatism in his philosophy; leader of Conservatism Second Reform Bill – added more than a million city workers to the voting rolls;
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History of Civilization Terms Chapter 27(2) - History of...

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