History of Civilization Terms Chapter 25 & 26

History of Civilization Terms Chapter 25 & 26 -...

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History of Civilization Terms Chapter 25 and 26 Africa Boers (Afrikaners) – Great Trek: voortrekkers – Boers that migrated further inland into South Africa Orange Free State and the Transvaal – Boers established two republics; they solidified their control by engaging in wars of land conquest against African kingdoms Jameson’s raid – Jameson lost the raid and it had dire consequences; Rhodes resigned as prime minister, Afrikaners in the Cape were alienated from the British, the Orange Free State formed an alliance with the Transvaal, and the Transvaal modernized Boer War, 1899 – the British resorted to a scorched-earth policy after they could not defeat the Afrikaners; many Afrikaners died from unsanitary concentration camps European conquest of Africa Belgium: Leopold II and the Congo – dreamed of creating an empire modeled on Dutch holdings in Asia and the Pacific; they acquired Congo France: West Africa – vision was to create an empire linking Algeria, West Africa, and the region north of the lower Congo River Britain: Cecil Rhodes, “Cape to Cairo Corridor” – principal colonizer in southern Africa; dreamed of an uninterrupted corridor of British territory from the Cape of Good Hope to Cairo Portugal: Mozambique and Angola – Portugal wanted to unite Mozambique and Angola through a central Africa corridor was thwarted by Rhodes and
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Mr.fisher during the Spring '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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History of Civilization Terms Chapter 25 & 26 -...

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