History of Civilization Terms Chapter 17

History of Civilization Terms Chapter 17 - History of...

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History of Civilization Terms Chapter 17 Iberian States – Portugal and Spain; the impacted imports from the sea and was a major stimulus to European capitalism; Prince Henry – the man most responsible for the brilliant exploits by the Portuguese; known as “the Navigator”; he sought to win Ethiopian Christian allies Prestor John – a mighty Ethiopian monarch and potential ally against Mongols, Turks, and Muslims; Dias – he rounded southern Africa; his crew forced him to turn back; King John II of Portugal named Dias’ discovery the Cape of Good Hope Columbus – he thought he could find a shorter route to India by sailing west; he was wrong and found a new world instead; Bull of Demarcation – Columbus’ voyage posed threats to Portuguese interests in the Atlantic; the pope issued the “bull of demarcation” establishing a north-south line about 300 miles west of the Azores; beyond this line all lands were opened to Spanish claims; Treaty of Tordesillas –
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