NT study guide


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B I 109 – N EW T ESTAMENT M ESSAGES S TUDY G UIDE FOR S URVEY OF THE N EW T ESTAMENT BY P AUL N. B ENWARE Instructions: Please answer these questions according to Benware’s analysis and interpretation. You are responsible for this information, but you will not turn in your answers. Please do not simply hunt for the answers to these questions. You are to read all of the assigned pages. The instructor reserves the right to deduct points for failing to read the assignments completely. The numbers in brackets are the page numbers for the Student Edition (hardback) of the textbook. 1. Compare the Old and New Testaments. (p. 14) [11] The NT is the story of God’s efforts to redeem the lost, sinful human race. The OT is God making a “new covenant” with His people Israel. 2. What Persian king allowed the Jews to return to their own land after the captivity? (p. 23) [19] Cyrus 3. What OT prophets encouraged the rebuilding of the Temple? (p. 23) [19] Haggai and Zechariah Ezra and Nehemiah 4. Under whose reign was the Hebrew OT translated into Greek? What is the name of this translation? (p. 24) [20] Ptolemy Philadelphus Septuagint 5. What two positions of authority did Simon have over the Jews? (p. 26) [22] He was the high priest and the civil leader 6. What was the key promise of the Roman “mystery religions”? (p. 30) [26] They promised a mystical union with some deity for those who learned the secrets of that religion. 7. What two vastly different applications were made by adherents of Gnosticism? (p. 31) [27] There was asceticism libertinism
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8. What NT books may have been written in response to early Gnostic teachings? (p. 31) [27] Colossians and 1 John 9. Of what sins were the Pharisees guilty? (p. 34) [29] They were guilty of pride, self righteousness, and violation of the spirit of the law 10. By what other names are the scribes also known? (p. 35) [30] They are also referred to as doctors of the law and lawyers. 11. By what other names is the Great Sanhedrin also known? (p. 39) [34] The counsel Counsel of Elders The Senate Chief Priests and pharisees, chief priests, elders and scribes, or the rulers, elders and scribes. 12. Describe the origin and the role of the synagogue. (p. 39-40) [34-35] The role of the synagogue was to keep the displaced Jews from lapsing into heathenism Origin is Babylon 13. Should we consider the four gospels to be biographies of Jesus’ life? Explain. (p. 48) [40] Yes, because they tell the story of Jesus Christ’s salvation for lost man. 14. Which of the four gospels quotes from the OT most frequently? (p. 48) [41] The gospel of Matthew 15. Which of the four gospels has the most unique material? (p. 48) [41] John 16. Which gospels are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels? Why? (p. 49) [41] Matthew, Mark, and Luke 17. What is the so-called “Synoptic Problem”? Analyze the two theories set forth to resolve the difficulty, noting problems for each. What is Benware’s solution to the difficulty? How does
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course BI 109 taught by Professor Kerrymcgonigal during the Spring '11 term at Grand Valley State.

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