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Civil Liberties and Wartime (outline)

Civil Liberties and Wartime (outline) - • Envolves the...

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Civil Liberties and Wartime I. Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) The US was on the brink of a war with France Wave of anti Immigrants historia Four laws in acted by congress “Alien and sedition acts” Made it harder to become citizens 4 acts Alien Act Alien Enemies Act o Gave power to deport immigrants o Naturalization Act o Required 14 yrs resident to apply for citizenship Sedition Act o Most controversial & most dangerous o Designed to silence o Make it a criminal offense to criticize the government They were set to expire II. Civil War (1861-1865) a) Suspension of Habeas Corpus Check upon the use of power in the government to stop gov from detaining someone for no reason for a long time b) Other restrictions Lincoln repelled habeas corpus First national draft Draft riots 1873 1864 Lincoln was up for re-election III. World War I (1917-1918) Espionage and Sedition Acts Ugene Debs- Sentenced to a 10 year jail term for giving a speech against war Schenck vs. United States, (1919)
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Unformatted text preview: • Envolves the espionage act • He was spending anti war mail encouraging men not to enlist, not support the war • The war ends and the supreme court upholds his convection • He served little time and paid a fine, but was a convected felon. • Ex: Of no free speech; fire in a theatre, child porn, sharing of classified information. • Court est “clear & present danger test” • Applied this to conclude if 50 yrs later the clear & danger test was revised • IV. World War II (1941-1945) • Internment of Japanese-Americans • Roosevelt authorized • Removal of Japanese American citizens living on the west coast. w/o do process • Citizens were placed in mini concentration/detention camps • No proof was ever proved that these people were spy’s, or had any ties to the war • V. The Cold War and Vietnam War (1946-1973) • COINTELPRO VI. The War on Terrorism (2001-?) • USA Patriot Act...
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