international aspects of families (1)

international aspects of families (1) - International...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style International Perspectives on the Public Family Soc 169 Spring 2011
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Two Big Issues: Fertility Decline n TFR is below replacement in many developed societies n TFR is close to replacement level in 33 less developed countries—mostly in Latin America and the Caribbean and parts of Asia n Leads to lower productivity, rapid population aging
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Societal and family manifestations of modernization E c o n o m i c g r o w t h R u r a l - t o - u r b a n t r a n s i t i o n L a b o r f o r c e m i g r a t i o n R e d u c e d f e r t i l t i y P o p u l a t i o n a g i n g R e l i a n c e o n f o r m a l s u p p o r t N u c l e a r i z a t i o n o f f a m i l i e s G e o g r a p h i c d i s p e r s i o n S m a l l e r f a m i l i e s M o r e y e a r s s h a r e d l i v e s M o d e r n i z a t i o n F a m i l y S o c i e t y M o d e r n i z a t i o n
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Modernization Theory and Families n Shift in values from collectivism to individualism. n Shift from filial piety to filial autonomy. n Shift from informal to formal means of support of children and elderly. n Reduction in public functions of family, and increase in private functions of family.
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Sweden!
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Sweden! n Generous daycare n All school is free n Paid 18mths paternal leave @ 80% pay n But, 64% divorce rate (49% in U.S.) n 53% of children raised by cohabiting couple n Effects of liberal family policy?
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Families and Social Change in Sweden n The impact of single-parenting and decline in marriage on family stability n Rapid growth in the oldest-old (80+) that has grown 50% in size since 1980
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Family Policies in Sweden n Parental leave u http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fz5FJk n An alternative point of view u http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=HbTEzhaXZ3w&feature=related
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China
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Family Policy in China n Mostly family-based care for children and elders n Little availability of day care, long-term care services and social assistance (2%). n Restrictive pension system (30%), with little coverage (5%) in rural areas. n State supported care only to “3-no’s” elderly: no children, can’t work, no alternative support. n Moral and legal obligation of children to provide family care.
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Eastern Philosophy of Filial Piety Toward Older Parents n “Filial piety consists in the practice of filial respect and care to parents, which has been a normative duty and obligation of adult children” (Sung, 1998). n Includes rules about conduct, material and service support delivered with a sense of “spiritual devotion”.
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Filial Piety: Teachings of Confucious n In caring for parents, children should make them feel happy, not act against their will, let them see and hear pleasurable things, provide them with comfortable places to sleep. n
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international aspects of families (1) - International...

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