Soc 169 Divorce Part II 4-14-11(1)

Soc 169 Divorce Part II 4-14-11(1) - Week12:DivorcePartII...

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1 Week 12: Divorce Part II  Effects on Children Sociology 169 Changing Family Forms April 14, 2011
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2 Background: Trends in Divorce Divorce rate increased from 2.2% of  all marriages in 1960  to 5.2% in 1980—136% increase    This rate dropped to 3.6% of all marriages in 2006—a 31%  decline . (Amato, 2010)      What accounts for the decline since 1980? Rise in age at  first marriage, and to a lesser extend increased education   (Heaton 2002).  
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3 Divorce Rates Higher for Some Groups  Than Others   42% of non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics divorced within  the first 15 years of marriage vs. 55% of African Americans Individuals with college degrees tend to have more stable  marriages than do individuals with high school diplomas or  less   Divorce rate has been declining for college educated since  late 1970s, but remained flat for couples without college  degrees 
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4 Major Risk Factors for Divorce   Marrying as a teenager Being poor Being unemployed Having low education Cohabiting before marriage Having a premarital birth
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5 Major Risk Factors for Divorce Bringing children from a prior union into a new  marriage (especially among mothers) Marrying someone of a different religion Being in a second or higher order marriage Growing up in a household without two  continuously marriage parents  Still, while these factors are associated with  divorce, they cannot be said to cause divorce 
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6 Effects of Prior Cohabitation on Risk of  Divorce Cohabiters have lower standards for partners, and lower  levels of commitment    May eventually marry because of  “inertia effect.”  Constraints against separating build up (investments in  children, common friends, home, other accumulated  assets) “Might as well” Still, these marriages have greater risk of failure
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7 Effects of Divorce on Children What are the stressful circumstances  surrounding divorce that account for the  links between parental divorce and child  well-being? 
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8 Effects of Divorce on Children
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Soc 169 Divorce Part II 4-14-11(1) - Week12:DivorcePartII...

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