week 3 Lectures 1 &2 Gender

week 3 Lectures 1 &2 Gender - Week 3 Gender and...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 11 Week 3: Gender and Families Sociology 169 Changing Family Forms Professor Silverstein
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22 Are you: 10 0 of 5 MALE FEMALE 0% 0% 1. MALE 2. FEMALE
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33 Do you identify as: 0 63 of 105 1. Black/African American 2. White (not Hispanic/ Latino) 3. Hispanic/Latino 4. Asian/Asian American 5. Multi-racial 6. Other Black/African American 2% 46% 8% 6% 33% 5%
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44
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55 Sex vs. Gender n Sex is determined by: u Chromosomes (XX, XY) u Gonads (testes, ovaries) u Hormones (androgens, estrogens) n Biology vs. social roles n Can gender identity be modified? n Is biology destiny?
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Gender :Three Social Definitions n Socialization: u Males: “It’s a Boy!” u Females: “It’s a Girl!” n Identity: u Males: _X _ Male ___ Female u Females: ___ Male _X _ Female n Gender Roles: u Males: Masculine behaviors u Females: Feminine behaviors
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77
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88 Inappropriate Gender Role Behavior n Edmund Muskie cried in Feb 1972 in reaction to a newspaper attack on his wife n He lost his bid for the Democratic nomination for the Presidency. n Why was this seen as not “masculine”?
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99 Hilary Clinton Cries(?) n http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=MVlwH7-05Fk
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1010 Bio-social theories n Society magnifies biological differences n Evolutionary theory u Darwinian theories of role division in hunter-gatherer societies
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1111 How Do We Learn Gender Roles? n Gender roles: sets of behaviors commonly exhibited by men and women n Socialization: reward and punishment to reinforce gender appropriate behavior n What are the cues for this?
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1212 How Do We Learn Gender Roles? n Peer groups: u Competition and dominance vs. negotiation and compromise n Media: images of male and female behavior
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1313 How Do We Learn Gender Roles?
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