Week 10 Public Policy and Families

Week 10 Public Policy and Families - TheFamily&PublicPolicy

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Sociology 169 Changing Family Forms Professor Silverstein
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Historically n Most American families, including middle- class, receive substantial government  assistance n In Colonial era, little economic assistance was  provided n Family was viewed as “little commonwealth” n In early 1900s, labor unions demanded  pensions and unemployment compensation
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The Welfare State n The nation-state n without interference produces the optimal  good n However, the “losers” in this system are  protected by social programs n Safety-nets for families                     are now  taken for                       granted
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n Welfare state  – Government enacts  measures to protect workers and  families from harsh effects of system— basis of current U.S. government  assistance n Redistributive: taxes higher for more  wealthy and benefits more evenly  The Welfare State
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n State:  A government that claims the right to a given territory and its population n Nation:  A people with shared economic  and cultural interests n Nation-state:  A term that combines the  governmental and cultural connotations  of both terms The Development of the Welfare State
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Historically (cont.) n In 1929—Great Depression n Need for unemployment assistance n Roosevelt, who was for government  intervention, was elected
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Historically (cont.) n Depression created “welfare state” to  protect people from capitalism—social  welfare was to help retired workers and  widows n Social Security Act of 1935  created Social Security pension for the elderly Unemployment compensation Aid to mothers with dependent children Aid to disabled workers
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   The Welfare  State n Families were on their own till the 20th century n “New Deal” of 1930s provided unemployment  insurance, old age security, welfare to mothers  with young children, farm subsidies n supplemental income for the poor, and  subsidized housing
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n FDR n http://video.pbs.org/video/1049332797/ n The Great Society n http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kx0K637 n Michael Moore n http://video.pbs.org/video/1280276432/
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n These measures conceived in a different time n Changes in family life such as divorce, single  parenting without marriage, and women  working outside the home forced another look  at government policies n Public support rose in the 1980s and 1990s  for family policy to be an issue Historically (cont.)
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n Much debate centered on: n Family Policy:  Political beliefs about how  government should assist families caring for  dependents
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course SOCI 169gm taught by Professor Pillitteri during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Week 10 Public Policy and Families - TheFamily&PublicPolicy

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