2 Gareis-full paper2-ENG-POO Spider Web PMM model

2 Gareis-full paper2-ENG-POO Spider Web PMM model - PM paper

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COMPETENCIES IN THE PROJECT-ORIENTED ORGANIZATION ROLAND GAREIS (PROJEKTMANAGEMENT GROUP) 1. INTRODUCTION In this chapter the model of the project-oriented organization (POO) is introduced. The advantages of “management by projects” as an organizational strategy are analyzed, the application of a new management paradigm in the POO is described, and specific organizational structures, such as expert pools, project portfolio groups and a peojwct management office, are described. A process model with processes, which are specific for the POO, is presented. For the performance of these processes, specific competencies are required by individuals, teams, and the POO overall. It is the objective of this research and chapter to differentiate between the project management process and other specific processes of the POO, to operationalize the model of the POO, and to differentiate between individual, team and organizational competencies in the POO. 2. THE MODEL OF THE PROJECT-ORIENTED ORGANIZATION A POO can be defined as an organization that: Defines “Management by Projects” as an organizational strategy. Applies temporary organizations for the performance of complex processes. Manages a project portfolio of different project types. Has specific permanent organization structures to provide integrative functions. Applies a “new management paradigm” Has an explicit project management culture. Perceives itself as being project-oriented. The POO considers projects not only as tools to perform complex processes, but also as a strategic option for the organizational design of the company, the division, or the profit center. By applying management by projects the following organizational objectives are pursued: Organizational differentiation and decentralization of management responsibility Quality assurance by project work and holistic project definitions Goal orientation Organizational learning. For processes of different complexities, different organizations are adequate. The POO perceives projects and programs as temporary organizations for the performance of complex processes. For unique processes of medium to high complexity and short to medium duration (three months to twelve months), projects are the appropriate organization form. Projects can be defined for contracts for external clients as well as for product developments, marketing campaigns, or reengineering activities for internal clients. A program (of projects) is a temporary organization for the performance of a process of high complexity. The projects of a program are closely coupled by overall program objectives, overall strategies, and common processes and methods. A program has a time limit and is medium or long term (six months to thirty-six months) in duration.
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2 Gareis-full paper2-ENG-POO Spider Web PMM model - PM paper

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