Study Guide 2 PowerPoint

Study Guide 2 PowerPoint - Quiz 2 Review Romanesque 11th...

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Quiz 2 Review
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Romanesque 11 th and 12 th c. AD Describes medieval art that shares with ancient Roman architecture features such as: round arches, stone vaults, thick walls, and exterior relief structure Began to occur with the relative stability and prosperity of the Christian Church
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Romanesque St. Sernin (1070-1120) Characteristics: Massive walls, round arches (barrel-shaped), dark interiors, barrel vaulted nave Dark and foreboding, absence of light and windows Cross shape, apse end Often elaborate sculpting in tympanum (part below arch
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Romanesque Pilgrimages: were used for penitent Christians to atone for their sins, but after the 11 th c. AD devout Christians began to pilgrimage Pilgrimages were often to churches with sacred relics Popular choices were Rome, Jerusalem, and the Shrine of St. James at Compostela, Galicia in Spain
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Romanesque Crusades: Middle Ages. A series of military campaigns from 1095 to the 15th century to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims.
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Romanesque Saint-Foy at Conques (1040-1150 AD) Earliest surviving example of a pilgrimage church Example of a Romanesque church Saint Faith was a virgin martyr who died in 303 AD because she refused to worship pagan gods Her remains were “discreetly transferred” to Saint-Foy 200 years later
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Romanesque Saint-Foy, Conques, France
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Romanesque Tympanum: area below the arch Lintel: below the tympanum, above the door Archivolt
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Romanesque Tympanum scenes: Last Judgment from Saint-Foy, France Christ is the central figure Mandorla: an oval of light (in this case that surrounds Christ), motif from the Far East Right hand raised to signify those going to heaven, left hand lowered signifying those not so lucky
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Gothic Architecture 13 th and 14 th c. AD Style originated in Northern France, the domain of the royal family Inventor of Gothic is Abbot Suger of the French royal monestrary at Saint-Denis (the burial place of the royal family, as well as the first bishop of Paris and the Patron Saint of France). Vaulting, POINTED ARCHES. Flying buttresses! Gothic ribbed vaults, columns, cluster piers (resemble a bunch of little columns)
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Gothic Architecture Notre Dame Paris, France 1163-1250 AD Architecture more beautiful, radiant, more optimistic view of Christ Elements: Rib Vaults, Piers, Flying Buttresses, Pointed Arches, Stained Glass windows, skeleton.
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Gothic Features Rib Vaults: replaces the earlier barrel vaults of Romanesque, requires less buttressing which allows for more window space Stained Glass: Inspired by Suger, dominant colors: blue and red, formed by mixing metallic oxides with molten glass, conveys God’s presence through light and color. Pointed Arches: Feature of Gothic architecture. Intersection of
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course CLAS 300 taught by Professor Soren during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Study Guide 2 PowerPoint - Quiz 2 Review Romanesque 11th...

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