Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 MEMORY End Competency H. List and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8 MEMORY End Competency H. List and define three types of memory Memory Refers to the capacity to retain and retrieve information Memory = competence & personal identity Memory gives us a past & guides our future Memory is selective (avoids mental junk) Memory is reconstructive- we alter it in ways that help us make sense of the material Reconstructing draw on many sources (direct recollection, family stories, photographs, home videos, accounts from other peoples experiences, TV, etc.) Source misattribution- Not able to distinguish your actual memory from information you got elsewhere Flashbulb Memories Vivid recollections of emotional events Unusual, shocking or tragic events Survival value Not always complete or accurate Studies show confidence remains higher for flashbulb, but contain just as many inconsistent details as everyday memories Confabulation Confusing an event that happened to someone else with one that happened to you, or believing something that never happened 1. Thought or heard imagined event many times 2. Longer think about= more details More details = more certain 3. Easy to imagine because familiar 4. Focus on your emotional reaction then what actually happened Memory is vulnerable to suggestion Eyewitnesses are more likely to make misidentifications when: Suspects ethnicity differs from own Leading questions, suggestive comments and misleading information affect memories of witnessed and own experiences Childrens Testimony Like adults, children can be influenced by leading questions and suggestions 1. When interviewer strongly believes child has been molested 2. Doesnt accept childs denial of having been molested (encourage allegations) 3. Encourage imagination inflation 4. Repeated questions 5. Claim that everyone else said...
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Carawilliams during the Summer '10 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 MEMORY End Competency H. List and...

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