WT 4e, chap 03-Development - chapter 3...

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Development over the lifespan chapter 3
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End Competency Identify and explain the basic principles of the Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanist and Cognitive theories
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Overview Attachment Language Cognitive development Learning to be good Gender development Adolescence Adulthood The wellsprings of resilience chapter 3
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Prenatal development (v) Conception 30 Hours 6 weeks 4 months chapter 3
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Agents that cross the placenta German measles -Can affect fetus’s eyes, ears (deafness)  and heart -Preventable through vaccination Sexually transmitted diseases - Cigarette smoking - Miscarriage, premature birth, abnormal heartbeat, LBW -Increased rates of infant sickness, SIDS, asthma,  hyperactivity, learning difficulties and  antisocial behavior Alcohol and other drugs -Impair mental abilities, attention span and academic achievement -Fetal Alcohol Syndrome- LBW, MR, facial deformities chapter 3
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Physical abilities Don’t Write Newborn reflexes Rooting Sucking Swallowing Moro (“startle”) Babinski Grasping Stepping chapter 3
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Perceptual abilities Visual abilities Quickly develops beyond initial range of 8 inches Can distinguish contrasts, shadows, and edges Other senses well-developed Hearing Touch Smell Taste chapter 3
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Culture and maturation Many aspects of development  depend on customs Baby’s ability to sleep alone Recommendation to have babies sleep on their back has caused  many babies to skip crawling. chapter 3
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Attachment A deep emotional bond that an infant develops with its  primary caretaker Contact comfort In primates, the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact The basis of the infant’s first attachment Tested using strange situation A parent-infant “separation and reunion” procedure that is staged in a  laboratory to test the security of a child’s attachment (v) chapter 3
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Types of attachment Secure (60%) A parent-infant relationship in which  the baby is secure when the parent is  present, distressed by separation, and  delighted by reunion. Insecure A parent-infant relationship in which  the baby clings to the parent, cries at  separation, and reacts with anger or  apathy to reunion. chapter 3
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What causes insecure  attachment? Abandonment and deprivation in the first two  years of life Parenting that is abusive, neglectful, or erratic Child’s genetically influenced temperament Stressful circumstances in the family chapter 3
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Effects Insecure Attachment Associated with later emotional and behavioral problems in children -aggressiveness -poor social relationships -acting out Secure Attachment -higher academic achievement -effective social skills
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Language development (v) Acquisition of speech begins in the first few 
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WT 4e, chap 03-Development - chapter 3...

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