WT 4e, chap 09-Learning_1 - chapter 9 Learning chapter 9...

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Learning chapter 9
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Overview Classical conditioning Classical conditioning in real life Operant conditioning Operant conditioning in real life Learning and the mind chapter 9
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End Competencies Differentiate classical and operant conditioning and apply terminology used in each. Discuss pros and cons of punishment as a means of behavior change.
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Watson’s extreme  environmentalism “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own special world to bring them up in, and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to be any type of specialist I might select—doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.” chapter 9
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Definitions Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience Behaviorism An approach to psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the role of the environment as a determinant of behavior Conditioning The association between environmental stimuli and the organism’s responses chapter 9
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Classical conditioning The process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar response chapter 9
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New reflexes from old Unconditioned stimulus (US) Elicits a response in the absence of learning Unconditioned response (UR) The reflexive response to a stimulus in the absence of learning chapter 9
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New reflexes from old A neutral stimulus in then regularly paired with an unconditioned stimulus. chapter 9
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New reflexes from old Conditioned stimulus (CS) An initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned response after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus Conditioned response (CR) A response that is elicited by the conditioned stimulus Occurs after the CS has been associated with the US Is usually similar to the US chapter 9
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Your turn You are visiting a house to see if you want to buy it. When you step through the front door, you are met with the smell of oatmeal chocolate chip cookies—just like your grandmother used to make. Suddenly you find yourself feeling that this house is a warm and friendly place. In this scenario, what is the CS? 1. The smell of oatmeal chocolate chip cookies 2. The new house 3. Your grandma 4. The feeling of warmth and friendliness chapter 9
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You are visiting a house to see if you want to buy it. When you step through the front door, you are met with the smell of oatmeal chocolate chip cookies—just like your grandmother used to make. Suddenly you find yourself feeling that this house is a warm and friendly place. In this scenario, what is the CS? 1.
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WT 4e, chap 09-Learning_1 - chapter 9 Learning chapter 9...

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