chapter4-2 - Adulthood and Aging, 6e John C. Cavanaugh...

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1 of 40 CHAPTER FOUR CHAPTER FOUR Longevity, Health, and Functioning Adulthood and Aging, 6e John C. Cavanaugh Fredda Blanchard-Fields
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2 of 40 How Long Will We Live? Learning Objectives What are the average and maximum longevity for humans? What genetic and environmental factors influence longevity? What ethnic factors influence average longevity? What factors create gender differences in average longevity?
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3 of 40 Average and Maximum Longevity Average Longevity – age at which half the individuals born in a particular year will have Maximum Longevity – the oldest age to which any individual of a species lives. = 120 years What is the difference between active life expectancy and dependent life expectancy? Affected by an interaction between genes & environmental forces How Long Will We Live?
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4 of 40
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Find out YOUR estimated life expectancy @ www.livingto100.com 5 of 40
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6 of 40 Genetic and Environmental Factors in Average Longevity Genetic Factors What are they? More likely to live long life if come from a history of long-lived individuals Environmental Factors Disease (Cardiovascular Disease) Toxins (air/water pollution, contaminated food/water) Lifestyle (smoking, exercise, diet etc.) Social class (reduced access to services/ health care) How Long Will We Live?
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7 of 40 Ethnic Differences Average Longevity @ Birth in US African American vs. European American Men- 6 yrs less/ Women- 4 yrs less BUT by 85 AfAms outlive EuroAms Latinos higher than average life expectancies than EuroAms at all ages Are ethnic differences associated with genetics? Is that the only association? The differences are complex. Can you suggest some differences? How Long Will We Live?
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8 of 40 Gender Differences in Average Longevity Women have nearly a five-seven year edge over men. Why? Men are more vulnerable to disease than women. Men are risk-takers. Men smoke and use alcohol more than women. Men allow stress to enter their lives more than women. Women are no longer as likely to die in childbirth Women have 2 X chromosomes Anything else? Men over 90 perform better on cognitive tasks How Long Will We Live?
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9 of 40 International Differences Dramatic Differences in Longevity Around the World See Figure 4.2 Factors Genetic Sociocultural Economic conditions Health care Disease Anything else? How Long Will We Live?
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10 of 40
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11 of 40 Health and Illness Learning Objectives What are the key issues in defining health and illness? How is quality of life assessed?
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course PSY 210 taught by Professor Carawilliams during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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chapter4-2 - Adulthood and Aging, 6e John C. Cavanaugh...

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