A101.05Homo - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: ANTHROPOLOGY Introduction...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Introduction to Anthropology Unit 5 Emergence of Genus Homo Early Homo The third line of hominids belongs to genus Homo Called Homo habilis Appear ca.2.3 mya in East Africa Higher more rounded vault Flatter face Smaller teeth Hands more human, but still apelike Highly variable & may be more than one species Homo Habilis Brain expands significantly Homo habilis brains 1.5 times the size of a chimp (650cc:400cc) and less than ½ modern humans’ brains Not only larger than Australopithecines and chimps, but more complexly organized Evidence for possible language in brain casts and larynx Larger, more complex frontal lobe, particularly areas controlling language Homo rudolfensis Many paleoanthropologists distinguish another species of early Homo called Homo rudolfensis A late early Homo At about the same time as Homo habilis, but slightly later Few fossils for this period and lack many good dates Only 30-60 individuals total for early Homo Somewhat more advanced form of early Homo Generally quite similar Larger brains 1/3 larger than Australopithecines (at about 700 cc) Early Hominid Skulls Olduwan Tool Assembly Homo habilis is the f1rst definite stone tool maker Lived 2.6-1.5 million years ago Tool tradition widespread w/ little variation First known stone tools Crude cobble tools Olduwan Tool Assembly Bifaces are worked on both sides Flakes are unreworked pieces flaked off
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Engelhart during the Spring '09 term at Montana.

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A101.05Homo - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: ANTHROPOLOGY Introduction...

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