A101.09Econ - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 9 Subsistence and Economy 0. 1. Central to all cultures 0. Provide the bases for survival 2. Are 3 primary components: 1. Production 2. Distribution 3. Consumption Components of Economy 0. Production 0. Processes of transforming raw materials into culturally useful goods and services. 1. Distribution 1. Mechanisms for circulating goods and services among the population. 2. Consumption 2. How, when, and where goods and services are ultimately consumed and used (and by whom ) is culturally mandated Production 3. The primary component entailed in subsistence systems 4. Comprises 3 components 3. Resources 4. Labor/work 5. Technology Resources 5. Materials available for particular purposes in a given environment 6. Perceived, not absolute 6. One man’s weed is another man’s breakfast 7. One woman’s muck is another woman’s fuel Labor (Work) 7. The allocation of human time and energy 8. Involves scheduling and organization Technology 9. The tools, techniques, and knowledge necessary to transform raw materials into socially useful products Organization of Production 10. Production is socially organized and entails: 8. Rights of Access 9. Division of Labor 10. Patterns of Cooperation 11. Scheduling
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Rights of Access 11. Who has access to or ownership and control over resources, tools, technology, and labor 12. This is socially variable and different rights may be controlled by different people or groups 13. Must also distinguish the nature of these rights 12. Use rights vs. ownership 0. Can you dispose of resource 13. Communal rights vs. individual rights 14. Different aspects may be structured differently Division of Labor 15. Who does what 16. Simple 14. based on age and gender. 17. Complex 15. based on class, caste, estate, ethnicity, occupation, education or training, locality, etc. Patterns of Cooperation 18. Social organization of labor 19. Individual or collective 20. If collective: 16. what group 17. how many 21. Structure of cooperation 18. formally 19. Informally 22. Labor sharing Scheduling 23. What is done when 20. Also who does it 24. Involves trade-offs as cannot do everything at once Subsistence Systems 25. The system of production is intimately tied to the subsistence system 26. Manner of producing raw materials and basic goods & services necessary for survival 22. tools, food, clothing, shelter 23. As such are a central to any group’s adaptation to that environment Adaptation 28. A people’s subsistence system is their adaptation to their environment
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Engelhart during the Spring '09 term at Montana.

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A101.09Econ - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to...

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