A101.10PolSC - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Introduction to...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 10 0. All societies in the world have a political system, though not all have governments 1. All societies also have systems of social control, though not all have laws 2. Before we can discuss political systems need to define some key terms Polity 0. Any politically organized and unified group (tribe, chiefdom, nation, etc.) 0. Politics: 0. The processes of collective decision-making. 1. Administration: 1. The processes and mechanisms for implementing collective decisions Government 2. Specialized set of institutions, statuses, processes and relationships primarily or exclusively related to making and implementing collective decisions. Power 3. Definition 2. The ability to get others to do what you want 4. Influence 3. The ability to persuade by various means 5. Coercion 4. The ability to force compliance Bases for Power 6. Tangible 5. Control of population or labor, resources or wealth, tools or technologies, etc. 7. Intangible 6. Prestige, knowledge or skill, sacred power, etc. Authority 3. The socially recognized the right to make or implement group decisions. 4. Derives from various sources: 0. Kinship Seniority 1. Descent Ability 2. Religion Wealth Legitimacy 5. Widespread social acceptance of the right of a person, institution, or process to make collective
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A101.10PolSC - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Introduction to...

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