A101.11Kin

A101.11Kin - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 11 0. Important organizing feature of all cultures 1. For many they are the most important form of organization 2. Even in cultures where other organizing principles have greater prominence they remain vital 3. Functions may include childrearing & socialization, economic organization, social welfare, political action, and more 4. Derive from biological facts of mating, birth, and siblingship, but are not merely reflections of these Kinship Diagrams Kinship Categories Descent Systems 0. Cognatic (Bilateral) 0. Bilateral 1. Ambilineal 1. Unilineal 2. Patrilineal 3. Matrilineal Cognatic Descent 5. 6. You (potentially) belong equally to both families 7. Two distinct forms: 0. Bilateral descent 1. Ambilineal descent Bilateral Descent 8. Are equally descended from (and related to) both mother and father 9. May inherit from both 11. Corporate descent groups generally absent Ambilineal Descent
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12. Are descended from both mother and father 13. May affiliate with and inherit from either parent’s family (but not both) 14. Associated with presence of corporate descent groups 15. Element of choice 2. In some groups make a permanent choice once 3. In other groups may continually shift allegiance 4. Generally express choice through residence Bilateral/Ambilineal Rel;atives Unilineal Descent 16. Trace descent only through one parent/gender (mother or father/men or women) 17. Automatic filiation and recruitment to descent group 18. Diminished relationship to other parent’s family Patrilineal Descent 19. Trace decent only through men (fathers) 20. Women (and men) belong to their father’s family and not to mother’s 21. Men’s children belong to their own families, while women’s children belong to their husbands’ families Matrilineal Descent 2. Trace decent only through women (mothers). 3. Men (and women) belong to their mother’s family and not to father’s 4. Women’s children belong to their own families, while men’s children belong to their wives’ families 5. 23. Groups of people connected by blood and marriage 24. Generally share some economic, social, and political functions
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Kinship Groups 25. Loosely structured and somewhat transitory groups potentially linked by both marriage and
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Engelhart during the Spring '09 term at Montana.

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A101.11Kin - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology...

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