A101.12SexMarSoc - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Introduction to...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 12 Sexualities 0. Comprise 0. Desires 1. Practices 2. Beliefs and attitudes 3. Identities Sources for Understanding Human Sexuality 0. Primate studies 0. Descriptions of nonhuman primate sexuality 1. Ethnographic Data 1. 2. Western Sex Studies 2. Kinsey Report 3. Primate Sexuality 1. Year round receptivity 2. Receptivity outside of fertile period 4. generally only a few days 3. Routine non-reproductive acts 5. Including oral and anal sex, masturbation, homosexuality, etc. 4. Not strongly sexually dimorphic in behavior 5. Characterized as “not merely promiscuous, but positively indiscriminate.” – Wilcomb Washbourne Human Sexuality 3. 4. Full hormonal emancipation 4. Continuous sexual receptivity 5. Concealed ovulation 5. According to observational studies no sexual dimorphism in sexual response 6. Pansexuality, polymorphous perversity 6. Situational same-sex contact (prisons, boarding schools, juvenile experimentation, institutionalized) 7. Universal masturbation 8. Institutionalized bestiality 7. Some preference for heterosexual (potentially reproductive) contacts 8. Mild promiscuity 9. Relatively large male testes 9. Some polygyny 10. Mild sexual dimorphism 10. Short-term pair-bonding 11. “Romantic love”
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12. Cross-cultural patterns of infidelity and divorce 11. Sexuality is one of the most highly regulated human activities in all cultures 13. All cultures have rules prohibiting sex in certain circumstances 13. Called “sexual taboos” Sexual Taboos 14. Menstrual 15. Postpartum 16. Ritual 17. Occupational 18. Uninitiated 19. Premarital 20. Locational Homosexuality 21. A normal part of human sexual repertoire 14. Apparently unknown in some groups (Nepal) 15. Approaches 100% among males in some groups (Sambia of New Guinea) 22. Male homosexuality apparently more commonly acknowledged and/or accepted 23. In few cases only female homosexuality recognized or tolerated 19. Nuer openly tolerate female homosexual activity, but do not recognize male Institutionalized Homosexuality 6. Homosexual prostitutes 6. Iran, Pashtun 7. Melanesian initiations 8. Developmental (Man-Boy) 7. Greek, Cyrenaecan Arab, Azande Marriage 9. Universal 10. Highly variable institution Characteristics of Marriage 24. Specific relationship between two or more people, generally from different families 22. Provides for biological and social reproduction
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A101.12SexMarSoc - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 Introduction to...

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