A101.13GenAgeVAC

A101.13GenAgeVAC - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to Anthropology Unit 13 Key Distinctions 0. Sex 1. Gender 2. Sexuality Sex 0. Biological state 1. Genetically Programmed 2. Common states: 0. Male, Female, Intersex Gender 3. Social Status 4. Culturally Constructed 5. Common states: 0. Man, Woman, Others Sexuality 6. Sexual 7. 8. Common states: 1. Various Biological Sexual Definition 0. Normally 2 sexes: 0. 1. Definition: 2. Genital 1. Presence of penis or vagina 3. Chromosomal 2. XX, XY 4. Genetic 3. +/- SRy Gene Intersex States 3. Given complexity of sexual reproduction, errors occur 4. Produce individuals who are not unambiguously male or female 5. Includes wide variety of intersex forms including male & female “pseudohermaphrodites” & true hermaphrodites Classification of Intersex States 0. I. Ovary only: female pseudohermaphrodite ~ karyotype 46XX 0. A. Secondary to endogenous androgens (CAH)
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0. 1. 21-hydroxylase deficiency 1. 2. 116-hydroxylase deficiency 2. 3. 38-o1-dehydrogenase deficiency 1. B. Secondary to maternal androgens (exogenous ingestion-endogenous production) 1. II. Testis only: male pseudohermaphrodite ~ karyotype 46XY 2. A Secondary to inadequate androgen (TST) production 3. 1. 20a-hydroxylase deficiency 4. 2. 38-ol-dehydrogenase deficiency 5. 3. 17a-hydroxylase deficiency 6. 4. 17,2O-desmolase deficiency 7. 5. 17-ketosteroid reductase deficiency 3. B. Secondary to inadequate conversion of TST to DHTST ~ 5a-reductase deficiency 4. C. Secondary to inadequate androgen (TST/DHTST) utilization (androgen receptor deficiency) 8. 1. Incomplete 9. 2. Complete (testicular feminization) 5. D. Secondary to deficient AMH ~ hernia uteri inguinalis 2. III. Testis plus ovary: true hermaphrodite karyotype 46XY, 46XX, mosaic 3. IV. Testis plus streak: mixed gonadal dysgenesis ~ karyotype most often 45XO/46XX 4. V. Streak plus streak: pure gonadal dysgenesis ~ karyotype 45XO (Turner's syndrome), 46XX, 46XY 5. VI. Miscellaneous (?dysgenetic testes, ?teratogenic factors) Genders 6. Universal central organizing principal 7. Socially/culturally defined 8. Partially based on anatomy 5. Definitional features variable 6. Number variable 4. Men 5. Women 6. Transgendered Gender Definition 9. Biology (genitals) 10. Personal Inclination 11. Activity 2. Sexual 3. Other 12. Spiritual mandates 13. Physical “essences” Number of Genders 7. Depend on definition 8. Most commonly 2: 7. Women 8. Men 9. Third/Fourth Genders common 9. Male bodied women 10. Female bodied men 10. Up to five or more ethnographically recorded
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Transgendered Status 9. Individuals whose social identity resembles that normally assigned to persons of the opposite
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Engelhart during the Spring '09 term at Montana.

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A101.13GenAgeVAC - ANTHROPOLOGY 101: Introduction to...

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