Module 1, Unit 2.1 - Short Answer Questions

Module 1, Unit 2.1 - Short Answer Questions - Short Answer...

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Short Answer Questions 1. List the 3 rules of the Cell Theory and the 2 exceptions (5 points) - Three rules: All organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells are the structural and functional unit of organisms and all cells come from other cells. - Two exceptions: viruses are not cells and the first cell did not originate from a pre-existing cell. 2. DEFINE: EUKARYOTE PROKARYOTE (4 POINTS) - Eukaryote: a cell with membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryote: a cell without membrane-bound organelles. 3. DEFINE: CYTOPLASM CYTOSOL (2 POINTS) - Cytoplasm: the entire contents of a eukaryotic cell, minus the contents of the cell nucleus. Cytosol: the jelly-like fluid found inside cells. 4. Explain the structure and function of the following cell organelles (2 points for each organelle = 25 points): 1. Nucleus: Structure – a membrane-bounded sac in a eukaryotic cell. Function – contains and protects the genetic material, the DNA. 2. Nucleolus: Structure – a small circular structure or structures within the nucleus. Function – It is thought that the function of the
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