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Courts - Court Personnel Judges and Justices o o Judge is...

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Court Personnel Judges and Justices o Judge is the title assigned to those who preside over trial courts and most appellate courts o Justice is the title granted to those on the U.S. Supreme Court Questions of Fact vs. Questions of Law o Question of Fact = a factual issue disputed by the parties o Question of Law = an issue concerning the application or interpretation of the law Trial Court Judges o Decide questions of law and preside over jury trials o Occasionally, may also decide questions of fact and render a verdict Known as a “bench trial” Appellate Judges and Justices o Determine whether the trial judge correctly applied the law Jurors o The jury is a fact-finding body o The right to a trial by jury is protected by the Bill of Rights 6 th Amendment guarantees jury trials in criminal cases 7 th Amendment guarantees jury trials in civil cases o Petit Jury – Issues a verdict in criminal and civil trials, after hearing evidence from both sides o
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