Chapter_9_The_Market_Revolution_1800-1840_(student) - Chapter 9 The Market Revolution 1800-1840 Part 1(330-351 1 Describe what innovations brought about

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Chapter 9 The Market Revolution, 1800-1840 Part 1 (330-351) 1. Describe what innovations brought about the Market Revolution? The Market Revolution was a time in American history when accelerated development in the nation’s economy. This development was catalyzed by numerous innovations such as roads and steamboats, the Erie Canal, railroads, and the telegraph. Roads were the first step towards development. The construction of roads or “turnpikes” was in process from 1800 to 1830. In 1806, National Road from Cumberland, Maryland, to the Old Northwest was paved. Roads allowed farmers and traders to link up and commute easier than before. But even if roads were built, using wagons wasn’t the most effective way of transporting. What really turned the tide was the building of steamboats. Robert Fulton was an experienced engineer as he had launched his own steamboat on the Seine River in Paris, 1803. His ship, Clermont, which traveled from New York City to Albany gained a lot of attention and by the production of steamboats started. The first steamboat was launched in 1811 on the Mississippi River. This linked different parts of the country through the rivers as the steamboats were capable of going against the stream. The next structure that acted as a catalyst was the Erie Canal. This was a 363-mile canal in northern New York which finished its construction in 1825. This was one of America’s most significant feats and it allowed the transportation of goods between the Great Lakes and New York City. The canal attracted many farmers which led to the establishment of big cities such as Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse. This canal gave New York City power over other ports in access to trade with the Old Northwest. The success of the Erie Canal led to other states to also match up to New York. As canals connected waterways, railroads opened up new opportunities for settlements in America’s interior. The first railroad, Baltimore and Ohio, started working in 1828 and it used coal for fuel and iron for locomotives and rails. The production of railroads grew rapidly and by 1860, the total length of all the railroads increased to 30,000 miles. The last invention, probably one of the most important, was the telegraph. It was invented in the 1830s by Samuel F. B. Morse, an artist, and scientist living in New York City. It was put into commercial use from 1844. Initially, it was used for business and newspapers, but slowly it took over individual lives. It used Morse Code, with distinct electrical pulses for every letter and number, and its signals were sent through electric wires. This was one of the inventions that made instantaneous communication possible in America. All these inventions collectively created a strong link between various parts of the nation and made trade and communication easier. It also opened doors to many new settlements,
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especially in the west.
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