Test 2 Study Guide - Musical Styles Folk o Characteristics...

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Musical Styles Folk o Characteristics Simple, vocal-oriented music accompanied by a string band Lyrics carry a message about serious topics of social or political importance o Artists Woody Guthrie Bob Dylan Folk Rock o Characteristics Blends electric instruments and drums with clear vocals and meaningful lyrics o Artists The Byrds The Buffalo Springfield Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young Simon and Garfunkel Country Rock o Characteristics Combines full rock band with full country string band Nasally Southern vocals, close vocal harmonies, and twangy lead guitar Songs often about love gone bad Even beat subdivisions on cymbals and decorated two-beat bass o Artists The Byrds The Flying Burrito Brothers The Eagles Southern Rock o Characteristics Two or three lead guitarists play fast tempo, harmonized licks and solos using distortion and slide guitar techniques Hard driving rhythm with two-beat bass and stiff country drumming Southern accented vocals using growls and singing narrative songs of regional or national pride o Artists The Allman Brothers Band Lynyrd Skynyrd Soul o Characteristics Aggressive performances with fast tempo, hard driving rhythms Improvisation, call and response, and Gospel vocal inflection Drums, bass, piano, horns, backing vocals, and some guitar
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o Artists Ray Charles James Brown Aretha Franklin Memphis Soul Booker T and the MGs Sam and Dave Percy Sledge Wilson Pickett Otis Redding Motown The Funk Brothers The Supremes Smoky Robinson and the Miracles Stevie Wonder Soul to Funk Transition o Sly and the Family Stone Funk o Characteristics Heavily pronounce backbeat and syncopated bass line Rhythm instruments used to create melody and vice versa Choked rhythm guitar style and Gospel/Soul influenced singing Collective improvisation at live performances o Artists Kool and the Gang George Clinton and Parliament/Funkadelic Rap o Characteristics Heavily accented bass and drums Rhythmic, spoken vocal delivery Poetic lyrics dealing with social, political, and sex related topics End rhymes and internal rhymes common Syncopated bass and music based on vamps o Artists Gil Scott-Heron Sugarhill Gang Public Enemy British Beat Groups o The Beatles o The Who Terms
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Two-beat bass – bass accompianment where bassist plays the root on the first beat and the fifth on the third beat Vamp – a short chord progression that is repeated several times as a means of marking time Reverb – a type of sound distortion in which the sound is repeated several times very quickly resulting in an echo-like effect. Flat-four beat – a rhythm style in which all four beats are equally accented
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course MUSI 2060 taught by Professor Valdez during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Test 2 Study Guide - Musical Styles Folk o Characteristics...

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