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geography - • Friction of distance ◦ Distance inhibits...

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Geography: Concepts and Tools What is geography: study of Earth as created by natural forces and modified by human action Distributions very important Studying Human Geography 1) Observation: interviews, participant observation, laboratory experiments, remote sensing 2) Visualization/representation: maps, charts, narratives, diagrams 3) Data Analysis: spatial and regional: patterns, themes, comparisons, models Spatial Analysis: 1) Location absolute: GPS coordinates, latitude and longitude relative: compared to another location cognitive: mental image of location and the meanings landmarks hold 2) Distance absolute, relative, cognitive 3) Space absolute, relative, cognitive 4) Accessibility 5) Spatial Interaction Distance: Nearness principle Maximize overall utility of places at minimum effort Maximize connections between places at minimum cost Locate closely related activities as close together as possible
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Unformatted text preview: • Friction of distance ◦ Distance inhibits human efforts because of costs associated with time and effort Spatial Interaction • Movements and flows of human activity 1) Complementarity 2) Transferability 3) Intervening Opportunity 4) Spatial Diffusion 1. Function of probability of physical contact modified by individual resistance • Nonknowers – Knowers but Nonadopters - Adopters Regional Analysis 1) Regionalization 2) Landscape 3) Sense of Place Regions 1) Formal 1. High degree of homogeneity for particular traits: language, race/ethnicity, culture 2) Functional 1. Variability of traits, but overall coherence to structure: political, economic, social Landscapes 1) Vernacular 1. everyday, mundane lived-in landscapes 2) Symbolic 1. representation of values, inspiration, imagined community...
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