Human Geography Test 2 Notes

Human Geography Test 2 Notes - Place Making Place = space...

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Place Making Place = space with meaning o Socially Constructed People draw on images, histories, and stereotypes to develop distinctive idea of place Can involve the exclusion of others People reinforce sense of place by contrasting themselves with people in places very different from them Territoriality Place meets Borders Three social and cultural functions of territoriality o Regulation of social interaction Marriage o Regulation of people and rescources Laws, norms, regulations o Provision of a focus and symbol of group identity Customs, arts, beliefs Elements of Cognitive Images Paths-movement, transport o Roads, streets, walkways, etc. Edges-boundaries, barriers, borders o Railroad tracks, walls, fences Districts-areas with distinctive character o Ethnic neighborhoods, campuses, developments Nodes-strategic points and foci o Intersections, city squares
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Landmarks-physical reference points o Landforms, buildings, monuments Economic Development Economic Development: process of change involving the nature and composition of a particular region’s economy o Business, finance, industry o Based on productivity, incomes, purchasing power, consumption o Levels and rates of change in prosperity Geographically uneven 3 Types of Change Structure of the economy o Agriculture to manufacturing Economic organization o Socialism to capitalism Availability/use of technology o Internet, cellular phones, medicine Industrialization and Urbanization Merchant capitalism Gateway cities: served as a link between one country/region and others because of their physical location o Flow of goods globally o New York, Cape Town, Guangzhou Cities synonymous with industrialization o Labor, transportation, factories, warehouses Shock Cities
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Shock City: embodies surprising and disturbing changes in economic and population growth Comparative advantage: specialization in activities concentrated in the region Industrial cities o Manchester, England 15000-2.3 million in 150 years o Chicago, USA 30000-3.3 million in less than 100 years World Cities Conduct a disproportionate part of the world’s business (economic, political, and cultural) o Participate in global economy o Cumulative causation: buildup of advantages largely due to specialization and external linkages o Play key roles in organizing space beyond their national boundaries o London, New York Miami, Hong Kong, Singapore Brussels, Paris, Johannesburg, Tokyo Megacities Both important globally and nationally o Sheer size: >10 million people Bangkok, Beijing, Cairo, Kolkata, Lagos, Manila, Mexico ? Central Places
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Human Geography Test 2 Notes - Place Making Place = space...

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