ch07student - Chapter 7 Chapter SocialandEmotional...

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Chapter 7 Chapter 7 Social and Emotional  Development in Infancy and  Toddlerhood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: •Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; •Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; •Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
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Developing a Sense of Trust Developing a Sense of Trust Eriksonian viewpoint 1 st  year of life Trust requires Physical comfort Minimal fear A predictable, consistent and accepting  caregiver
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Smiling Smiling Endogenous smiles Smile that is triggered by change in nervous  system activity  Exogenous smiles Smile that is triggered by external stimuli Emerges at 2-3 weeks
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Smiling Smiling Social smile Smile triggered by social stimuli 6-8 weeks Instrumental smiling Smiling to achieve a goal 10 weeks Smiling is a genetic adaptation that  promotes close contact and emotional ties
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Laughter Laughter Appears at 4 months  in response to  physical stimulation At 6 months, infants  laugh in response to  visual and social  stimuli Photo credit of Gabriela Martorell.
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Social Referencing Social Referencing Using caregivers as a source of  information about how to respond to an  uncertain emotional situation or condition
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Crying Crying Communicate their needs Reflex response with survival value which  slowly becomes volitional
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Types of Cries Types of Cries Basic cry Anger cry  Pain cry Hunger cry
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Source of Stimulation Source of Stimulation Neonatal period Infants cry  Primarily because of physical needs For no apparent reason Later infancy Crying is related to cognitive and emotional  conditions (e.g. scared, angry)
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Cultural Issues Cultural Issues People have different responses to crying  infants Some cultures discourage crying Some cultures do not discourage crying
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Anger Anger Developmental course 9 months Infants develop a sense of control Anger and temper tantrums emerge out of  frustration 12 months Infants become aware of and frustrated by limits
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2011 for the course PSY 105 taught by Professor Hamilton during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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ch07student - Chapter 7 Chapter SocialandEmotional...

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