ch9student - Chapter 9 Chapter CognitiveandLanguage...

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Chapter 9 Chapter 9 Cognitive and Language  Development in  Early Childhood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: •Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; •Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; •Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
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Piaget: Preoperational Stage Piaget: Preoperational Stage 2-7 years of age Thinking is no longer dominated by motor  action Symbolic representation Mental representations of objects and people  that can be manipulated in the mind
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Piaget: Preoperational Stage Piaget: Preoperational Stage Cannot apply operations Operations are actions internalized as symbols that  can be reversed and coordinated
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Understanding Symbols Understanding Symbols Difficulties with dual representation Involves the ability to mentally represent both  as itself and as standing for something else
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Conservation Tasks Conservation Tasks Tasks used to assess children’s use of  operations in which children must decide  whether a transformed object is the same as or  different from what it was before
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Inability to Conserve Inability to Conserve Identity concept The essential “sameness” of an object despite  physical changes to it Irreversibility The inability to understand that an operation can be  undone Centration The tendency to focus attention on the most salient  characteristic of an object Static thinking A focus on the end-state of an outcome
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Precausal Reasoning Precausal Reasoning Children reason Transductively If two or more events occur together, then they must be  causally related
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ch9student - Chapter 9 Chapter CognitiveandLanguage...

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