colonial comparison - New Engiand V. Chesapeake New Engtand...

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Unformatted text preview: New Engiand V. Chesapeake New Engtand Chesapeake Founded i-‘ounded - i’lymouth, 1620 - Virginia (30., 1607 - Mass. Bay Co, 1629 - Maryland, 1634 - Why did it settle in the - Why did it settle in the Massachusetts Bay? Chesapeake Bay? New England V. Chesapeake Both conflicted with native hosts New England Chesapeake - Pitgrims depended on - Virginians depended on Massassoit for their initiai Powhatan for supplies, survival. but their demands led to ......:i:..n Furitans did not respect W'IHMS- native land use and their - Tobacco exhausted the rapid population growth soil and Virginians‘ desire pressed upon their to expand their tobacco neighbors‘ iand. production pressed for more land. New England v. Chesapeake New Engtand Chesapeake - Social order - Patriarchal social transferred from order was fluid, England to New especially in the early England with land decades. distributed according . individuags who to one's existing survived might statlon, accumulate vast land - Patriarchai holdings for their offspring, particularly women. New England v. Chesapeake New England Chesapeake Settied by: Settled by predominately . Englgsh but not exclusively: . communities - Engiishindividuais - families— ' males multigenerationaland - young—late teens to gender-balanced earty twenties - occupations ranged skewed social distribution New England V, Chesapeake New England Chesapeake - Groups, often - Settlements were congregations. dispersed along the secured permission to navigabie rivers. settie a town from the . |ndgviduai3 Generat Court. estabiig‘ned Towns were “plantations,” established with a employed indentured meetinghouse and servants to work homes clustered. New England v. Chesapeake New England Chesapeake - Long-lived, cold but - High mortality, even healthy environment. after the “starving time." - “Seasoning” New England - In time controls over New Engtand - There were gradations New England . p New Engtand v. Chesapeake Chesapeake - in time, the social order became more fixed. The landed secured their hand on the land and benefits that came with the higher station. the social order weakened as economic opportunities diminished and the economy diversified. New England v. Chesapeake Chesapeake ° Simpie hierarchy—- owner and owned. between wealthy farmers and smatler ones. between highly skiEEed and well-paid craftsmen and low skiited ones. There were also landless workers and urban day laborers. Social cohesion was very tight, everyone had a place. no one was a vagabond. New England v. Chesapeake Chesapeake developed Congregationalism ‘ Does not appear to have different from Engtand. been a Priority- The were on a mission to purl the Church by_ simplifying it and their churches were stark and dotilbled as the town meeting hal , Religion and politics were intertwined, technically one had to be a church member to be elected to office or even vote (this seems to have been iaxty enforced). New England v New England i preserved the sociat classos of its settlers from that which they had in England. It had a larger middling sort, so there were more social levels. One‘s birth might determine one's station to a limited extent, but one's wealth was more significant. . New England v New England - Plymouth was founded by Separatists who wanted to leave the Anglican Church Massachusetts Bay was settled by members of the Anglican Church who wanted to stay in it. New England v New England - Survived for the first decade on supplying new arrivals. - After immigration tapered, the economy diversified: ship building and supply, and trade. . Chesapeake Chesapeak e - Simple hierarchy— owner and owned. . Chesapeake Chesapeake - Anglicans—membefs of the Church of England. - Slow to bring ministers and build churches. - Does not appear to have been a priority. . Chesapeake Chesapeake - Struggled to find a profitabie export until 1617. - Economy developed around the cash- crop—tobacco. New England v. Chesapeake New England - Brought indentured Servants but depended primariiy on family iabor. Chesapeake - Attempted to work native labor, turned to Engéish iaborers and indentured Servants. - By the end of the century, turned to African slaves totr labor. New England v. Chesapeake New Engiahd - Annual election for town offices and for Assemblymen by freeman. = Was New England the birthplace of US democracy? Democracy & Deference? Chesapeake New Engiand v. Chesapeake New England - Broughtthe company charter to Massachusetts. The besiness structure quickly evolved into a “representative” government. Broad political participation, town meetings. Chesapeake - Struggled with governing the colony from Engtand. Corruption—money in political office. 1619 House of Burgesses—county representation— ianded had a voice. New England v. Chesapeake Events in Englnd influenced both regions. New Engtand - Puritans on a mission to show theirfeltow men how to live by keeping their mvenanlwith God were profoundly influencedby the English Civil War, in which the Puritans. under Oliver Cromweli, overthrew the king and ruled the country. - Puritans stopped going to America when the clvltwar started. Chesapeake - Virginia Company backers Were interested inthe coiuny turning a profuse they kept the colony alive in its early years. - Chesapeake tobaccogrowers traded directly with Engtish merchantsfrem their own dock—«buying the latest Engiish fashions. ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2011 for the course HST 103 taught by Professor . during the Spring '11 term at Grand Valley State University.

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colonial comparison - New Engiand V. Chesapeake New Engtand...

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