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ch 4 - The Purpose of Research Chapter 4{Results and...

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Unformatted text preview: 5/26/2011 The Purpose of Research Chapter 4 {Results} and Chapter Five (Conclusions) of Research Report Writing Presenting Your Findings m """" R WWW—"mm”— It is easier to assemble all of the data BEFORE 53 The purpose of the research report is to writing the paper than during the procese « communicate three things unless it is qualitative research I Research results - what you found I How do your results relate to what is already known I Recommendations for use or future research Qualities Of a G005] R990” Chapter Four: Reporting Results 13 Complete: Include all aspects ofthe study Two Part5 D Presented at the reader’s level B Cou'eci: Accurate representation of results 1' Reporting your results D comm: RescIBCtive 2.A discussion of your results CI] Clear: Clear Sc logical organization In other words Say what you mean Mean what you say And Don’t use a lot ofbig words to say it Part One: Results El For quaiitative research I! present organized or categorized data in order to answerthe research question present newly discovered consideration or variables (if applicahie} C] For quantitative research I restate the hypothesis I state whether you were atria to support it I present a summary of the results forthe statistical tests I use tabies, figures, graphs or charts to present the results if necessary Part Two: Discussion El Summarize & interpret the results DAnswer your research question El Discuss your findings in the context of previous research El Discuss implications El Identify limitations I] Suggest directions for future research Remember: Sometimes the results speak for themselves A Word About Graphs B Good graphs allow the reader to understand what is being represented El Charts should be labeled well, with theunits on the axes clearly displayed El Titles &potes help readers understand what the chart is telling them D Don’t rely on pictures alone m discuss}! E!!! This chartis a bad example. it looks like the data is skewedright‘ in“ i2 is impossible to tell whatvariable is being measured, il meyariahle is ordinal or nominali or if (he axis is a counter a percentage 5/26/201 It Resuits - 2 Ci Is an objective presentation of what you found C] “Eust the facts" — no how or why C] Common Mistakes 1. Raw data — 2. Redundancy 3. Discussion an interpretation of data 4. No graphs figures or tables (more later!) E1 8e consistent with the needs of your audience Part Two: Discussion ~ 2 magnum—”MMH; El Common Mistakes l. Combining with results 2. New results discussed w “Surprise! Where did that come from?" 3. Broad unsupported statements 4. Incorrectly discussing inconclusive results 5. Missing/ambiguous information Graphics Don't get carried away fifiéfléa Mi mkkfi Not sure what is meant by "newly discovered consideration or variables" 2223222332232. 12252252322; 21.j22.;‘2.5}€23 222225522”? identify Hmiatioras and strengths 2225-2592259: keééey, 15,5 .2 1.2222233 giiiée 3% 22222521242 identify limiations and strengths margarei keiéey, 3255;55:22393 5/26/2011 1...... Graohics ~ 2 Graphics — 3 W mwmxmmwiu mum", d».m.>..m.. mvummnuw . m Mmmm “.mmnmm enemy," Mldmlu a". ”a...“ .4 mi". Supra-Mil Andy-$55 of l m mm by - i luv variable: «ppm. carpal-m :lnnning far rmmvcd g cusrnmr ; r: lzn'rian ; “Mm: any “.4. Graphics - 4 Conclusions and Recommendations howl-«WWW WM Am...» n...‘ El Be an analysis of the most important results from E: Future perspective on your work Conclusions An Effective Conclusion M‘mmmmmm—- . . . - B Is a clear & concise summary - does not repeat D Summarize from discussmn every result El Ties up all of the “loose ends” m provides a the middle Of your paper sense of closure so the reader is left wondering ITreat your results as a whole, rather than individuai parts .00 not bring .m new information (surprise!) El Length should be about 5—10% of the rest of the text (as a general ruEe) I 10 page paper should have about a 1 page I Recommendations . concluston I Direction of future research I Connections to the “big picture” An Effective Conclusion — 2 l3] Remember: most readers read onfy the abstract and/or conciusion sections Glossary m "— iii A special appendix that provides definitions for secondary audiences C! Use only if needed at depending on your target audience I Included when you do not want to break the “flow” of the main paper by inserting several definitions I Terms should he in alphabetical order and bold faced; definitions should be in regular text 5/26/2011 Appendices W“M‘M‘—m“ El Use only for information/procedures that are inappropriate or have ,ore detail than necessary for inclusion in the main text I Eor more specialized readers/experts, not the general readers I Can be highly technical or more basic, depending on focus of your paper llf included, appendix should be mentioned in the text Remember the Abstract El Written last in 200—300 words [3 Let’s readers know what the paper is about (purpose) and let them decided whether to read it or not a Problem investigated :1 Emphasize most important details (methodology, results) I Gives readers a picture of what they will learn if they go to the full text ...
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