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Unformatted text preview: Potential Essay Topics: Goal Setting Theory Basic premise: behavior is caused by conscious goals and intentions If we have stated goals, we are likely to perform at a higher level than is we have no goals. Asserts that performance is shaped primarily by: Goal difficulty The extent to which a goal is challenging and requires effort to reach. To motivate behavior, goals must be attainable and must be reinforced. Goal specificity The exactness or clarity of the target for performance. Specificity is achieved by stating the goal in quantitative terms Do your best is NOT specific, earn 100% on the test is specific Feedback Information about progress toward goal motivates LOCKE AND LATHAMS ADDITIONS Goal acceptance: Extent to which a person accepts a goal as his or her own Goal commitment: Extent to which the individual is personally interested in seeing that the goal is reached Both of the above may or may not have an effect on goal setting performance based on the situation Specific goals vs do your best goals Specific goals always result in higher performance Difficult but acceptable goals Difficult but attainable goals result in highest performance Feedback Feedback results in higher performance Moderators Self-efficacy High levels of self-efficacy in higher performance Expectancy Theory Basic equation EXPECTANCY THAT EFFORT WILL LEAD TO PERFORMANCE (expectancy) PERFORMANCE WILL LEAD TO OUTCOMES (instrumentality) Outcomes will have a valence (+ or -) Effort-Performance, Performance-Outcome, Valence (E-P, P-O, V)...
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- Winter '11