Civil_Law_Terminology - http:/

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View Full Document Right Arrow Icon Glossary of Legal Terminology Civil Law A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W A Abatement: a diminishment, a reduction Abrogate: to cancel, destroy, revoke or void Abscond: to vanish, to travel covertly out of the court's jurisdiction Abstention: a legal policy whereby one court declines to exercise its jurisdiction and defer to a different court Abuse of Discretion: a standard applied by appellate courts in reviewing the exercise of discretion by trial courts, administrative agencies and other entities Abuse of Process: the improper use of the legal process Acceleration: to speed up, to hasten Accord: agreement Accrue: to accumulate, to collect, to come into existence, as to a right or cause of action, to come into existence as an enforceable legal claim Action (At Law): a legal right whereby one party prosecutes another for a wrong Actionable: giving rise to a cause of action Actionable Tort: the failure to perform a legal duty created by statute or common law owed by one party to another which such failure results in injury Act of God: forces of nature which are impossible to predict Actual Damages: losses which are proven to have incurred as a result of the wrongful act of another Ad Damnum: (lat.) the amount of damages demanded normally in the context of a lawsuit
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Additur: an increase by the court in the amount of damages awarded by the jury Adjourn: to suspend; to delay a court proceeding through recess Adjudication: a determination of the controversy and a pronouncement of a judgment based on evidence presented Ad Litem: (lat.) for the lawsuit Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction: jurisdiction over actions related to events occurring on navigable waters Admission: voluntary acknowledgment that certain facts do exist or are true Alienation of Affections: a tort based upon willful, malicious or intentional interference of a marriage relation by a third party Alter Ego: (lat.) the other self. Under this legal doctrine, the law will disregard the personal liability an individual has as a result of the existence a corporate entity and will regard an act as the act of the individual rather than solely the act of the corporation American Bar Association (A.B.A.): a national organization of lawyers and law students Amicus Curiae: (lat.) a friend of the court Annotation: citing a particular case of statute Annuity: a contract that provides for the payment of a fixed sum usually over a period of time, and often utilized to fund a structured settlement Annul: to make void, to do away with Answer: the court papers filed on behalf of the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint Back to top B Bailiff: a court attendant Barrister: in England, one of two classes of legal practitioners; an English trial lawyer Battery: an intentional or unlawful application of force to the person of another; an unlawful touching Bench Trial: a trial in which the court determines the facts without a jury; trial by judge
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2011 for the course BUL 3320 taught by Professor Ravanelle during the Fall '09 term at Florida A&M.

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Civil_Law_Terminology - http:/

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