{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

WORK2218 WEEK3 - WORK 2218 People& Organisations Lecture...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: WORK 2218 People & Organisations Lecture Week 3 Motivation Theory: Content and Process Based Approaches Daniel Nyberg Overview • Introduction: Motivating employees • Content theories – Maslow’s needs hierarchy – 4 drive theory – McLelland’s learned needs • Case study: Enron • Process theories – Expectancy theory – Goal setting – Organisational Justice Defining motivation • Work motivation (Latham & Pinder, 2005) : – The forces within and beyond a person that initiate work-related behaviour and determine its form, direction, intensity and duration. – “A psychological process resulting from the interaction between the individual and the environment”. – Note: Motivation and performance are not the same thing Latham, G.P. & Pinder, C.C. 2005, ‘Work motivation theory and research at the dawn of the twenty-first century’, Annual Review of Psychology, 56, pp. 485-516. Challenges of motivating employees • Workplace change (restructuring, downsizing, increasing insecurity) may have compromised trust at work • No longer viable to rely on direct control (formal authority, supervision, coercion) • Changing generational attitudes? Drives and Needs • Drives – Neural states that energise individuals to correct deficiencies or maintain an internal equilibrium – Prime movers of behaviour by activating emotions • Needs – Goal-directed forces that people experience – Drive-generated emotions directed toward goals – Goals formed by self-concept, social norms, and experience 5 Self-concept, social norms, and past experience Drives (primary needs) and emotions Needs Decisions and behaviour Drives and Needs Content versus process theories • Content (trait) theories – explain why people have different needs at different times – Based on identification of needs or drives that explain motivation – Emerged in the 1950s • Process (environmental) theories – describe the processes through which needs/ drives are translated into behaviour...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 26

WORK2218 WEEK3 - WORK 2218 People& Organisations Lecture...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online