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WORK2218Week12 - ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE WORK 2218 Lecture...

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ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE WORK 2218 Lecture Week 12 Daniel Nyberg
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2 Overview Organisational change theory Forces for organisational change Approaches to organisational change Managing organisational change Critique, Cross-Cultural and Ethical Issues
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3 What is organisational change? Organisational Change is the significant alteration to organisational structure, strategy, systems, style, employees, skills and/or superordinate goals. Managing change (or coping with change) has become one of the major strategic priorities for HRM, OD and management generally. … and thus of central concern to OB
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4 Organisational Change Theory According to Chia (1999) and Tsoukas and Chia (2002), two main philosophical theories: Universe in state of flux (Heraclitus) Universe basically stable (Parmenides) Organisational change theorists tend to adopt one of these two philosophical positions…
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5 Organisational Change Theory Heraclitus (535-475 BC) Reality is in a continuous state of becoming; Flux and change Change is related to the movement of time and space A view more accepted in the East
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6 Organisational Change Theory Parmenides (510-450 BC) Reality is fixed and static Movement and change are simply appearances Tradition adopted in the West empahasises permanence, stability, equilibrium . Wikipedia (Public Domain)
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7 Organisational Change Theory These two philosophical positions continue to influence change theory (Weick and Quinn, 1999): Episodic change Continuous change Change is infrequent Change is constant Prime mover who intentionally creates change Sense maker who redirects the process The perspective is macro, distant and global The perspective is micro, close and local
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8 Organisational change: why? Life cycle Growth or decline Evolutionary Changing consumer preferences; technology; supply chains Dialectical Struggles in social relations Teleological Based on strategic visions
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9 Some external forces for change Information Information technology technology Globalisation Globalisation & competition & competition Demography Demography Easier information transfer Facilitates global structures Requires new competencies
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