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Changes in Gothic Literature
The purpose of Gothic literature has always been to entertain audiences and inadvertently
teach them a moral lesson.
Typically, the Gothic is looked down upon, more as a pop-culture
type of literature and is sometimes taken lightly.
However, if studied, it is clearly deeper than
It contains terror, the supernatural, and demons.
Originally, in the Enlightenment Gothic,
the terror was an outside force, sometimes a human; it influenced the main character into
performing immoral acts.
The main character in this type of gothic was one that the audience
was not supposed to like, one that encompassed characteristics that were undesirable and
Seeing what happens to this type of character was a way of encouraging the
readers to act in such a way that was opposite of what the main character was doing.
years the gothic changed, and in the Victorian Gothic, the idea of an outside terror began to
blend with an inner-type terror.
The elements of ghosts were still there, however, inner terror is
introduced in the form of a psychological disease.
This type of gothic entertained readers, yet at
the same time, made them pay attention to the fact that mental illness can strike anyone, not just
a character of evil value.
In Postmodern Gothic, these terms are changed once more.
terror that is introduced is fully focused on the inside, and typically chooses an innocent subject.
It is more attentive to demons, and having a guiltless persecuted maiden be the main character
terrifies an audience in a way that is different that any other type of gothic text or film.
The Enlightenment Gothic focuses on outside terror.
The demon that constantly tortures
is an outside force, not one from within.
Being a priest, he is constantly
tested by this demon to break his vows, such as celibacy, “drunk with desire, he pressed his lips