ch. 1 review ap env scie

ch. 1 review ap env scie - Kyrk Roberts 9-2-05 Neidhart A2...

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Kyrk Roberts 9-2-05 Neidhart A2 Chapter One Review Questions 1. exponential growth- quantity increases by a fixed percentage of the whole in a given time environment- everything that affects a living organism ecology- a biological science that studies the relationships between living organisms and their environment environmental science- an interdisciplinary science that uses concepts and information from natural sciences such as ecology, biology, chemistry, and geology and social sciences such as economics, politics, and ethics to help us understand how the earth works, how we are affecting the environment, and how to deal with the environmental problems we face solar capital- solar energy from the sun reaching the earth natural resources- the earth’s natural materials and processes that sustain other species and us natural capital- natural resources solar energy- direct radiant energy from the sun and a number of indirect forms of energy produced by the direct input ecologists- biological scientists who study relationships between living organisms and their environment environmental scientists- people who use info from the physical sciences and social sciences to understand how the earth works, learn how humans interact with the earth, and develop solutions to environmental problems conservation biologists- people who investigate human impacts on the diversity of life found on the earth and develop practical plans for preserving such biodiversity environmentalists- people who are concerned about the impact of people on environmental quality and believe some human actions are degrading parts of the earth’s life-support systems for humans and many other forms of life preservationists- people who are concerned primarily with setting aside or protecting undisturbed natural areas from harmful human activities conservationists- people who are concerned with using natural areas and wildlife in ways that sustain them for current and future generations of humans and other forms of life restorationists- devoted to the partial or complete restoration of natural areas that have been degraded by human activities environmentally sustainable society- society that satisfies the basic needs of its people without depleting or degrading its natural resources and thereby preventing current and future generations of humans and other species from meeting their basic needs doubling time- the number of years it takes for a population growing at a specified rate to double its size rule of 70- doubling time (in years) = 70/percentage growth rate
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economic growth- an increase in their capacity to provide people with goods and services GNI/GNP- market value in current dollars of all goods and services produced within and outside a country during a year plus net income earned abroad by a country’s citizens GNI in purchasing power parity- the market value of a country’s GNI in terms of the goods and services it would buy in the US GDP- market value in current dollars of all goods and services produced within a
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ch. 1 review ap env scie - Kyrk Roberts 9-2-05 Neidhart A2...

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