Lecture Notes on the Inmate Social System

Lecture Notes on the Inmate Social System - THE INMATE...

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THE INMATE SOCIAL SYSTEM I. Deprivation Model A. Clemmer (1940) B. Sykes (1958 C. Wheeler (1961) D. Garabedian (1963) I. Importation Model E. Irwin and Cressey (1962) F. Goodstein and MacKenzie II. Contemporary Social Structure G. Jacobs (1977) H. Irwin (1980) I. Johnson (1987) J. Hunt et al (1993) 1
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I. The Deprivation Model Deprivation Model – refers to: Attitudes, and values that are learned inside of the prison. Attitudes and values that are opposite form traditional societal values. Negative attitude towards authority – “Us versus Them” Mentality A. Donald Clemmer (1940) Coined the term “prisonization ” to describe this phenomenon – (The Definition of “The Deprivation Model”) Clemmer’s Hypothesis – The longer the inmate was incarcerated, the greater the chance he would experience prisonization. Prisonization, according to Clemmer would occur in negative linear relationship B. Gresham Sykes (1958) – The Society of Captives Conducted a study at a prison in New Jersey Method of research – Participant Observation Type of Research – Social Psychological Reason for Research – He wanted to see prison life from the eyes of the inmate (or the view of inmates). Remember: Prisons had been in existence in America for over 100 years prior to Sykes’ research. Much had been written regarding prisons and inmates; however, virtually 2
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from the inmates’ perspective. “ The Pains of Imprisonment” After using the participant observation approach to gather Information (Note: Sykes did not try to deceive the inmates by pretending that he was an inmate. In informed them that he was a researcher conducting information on the realities prison life.), he found that inmates experience certain losses or deprivations as a result of incarceration. Those losses are referred to as the “Pains of Imprisonment”. (Ask students if they were incarcerated what would they feel deprived of.) The Pains of Imprisonment Loss of Liberty – Freedom is significantly reduced due to incarceration. Loss of Security – Even though prisons are secure facilities, inmates often do not feel secure due prison violence. Loss of Autonomy - Individuality is significantly reduced. Also adult status often is replaced by a childlike status – Meaning that inmates are constantly told what to do throughout the day (e.g., what time to get up; what time to go to bed; what time to eat; what time to shower, etc.). Loss of Goods and Services – The goods and services that one enjoyed in the outside/free-world are not enjoyed to the same extent in prison. (e.g., consumer goods, medical services, etc.) Loss of Heterosexual Relationships – Often results in inmates engaging in homosexual relationships. Roles such as the 1)Punk – One who is forced into homosexuality; 2) Wolf – The aggressor. One who forces another to engage in homosexuality; 3) Fag – One who had already chosen homosexuality as his sexual orientation prior to incarceration. 3
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Lecture Notes on the Inmate Social System - THE INMATE...

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