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GLBT History Timeline

GLBT History Timeline - A contextual look at the progress...

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22 GLBTHistoryTimeline Grade Level 9-12 Materials Adding machine tape, markers, scissors, note cards Teaching Suggestions Hang adding machine tape around the room. Write the following dates and important historical facts on the tape in chronological order. Copy the GLBT U.S. history facts onto index cards (without dates). Have students tape the cards to the wall in the order they think is correct. Historical Facts and Dates 1492: Columbus “discovers” America. 1607: First permanent English colony established at Jamestown, Virginia. 1776: Thirteen colonies declare independence from Britain. 1787: Constitution approved; United States government takes current form. 1790: Samuel Slater establishes first American textile factory in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The “Industrial Revolution” follows, with rapidly-growing cities gradually replacing the farm as the living and working environment of most Americans. 1865: Civil War ends. Slavery abolished and voting and citizenship rights granted to blacks by Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments. 1920: Women win the right to vote with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. 1941: United States enters World War II. 1949: Soviets explode the first atomic bomb, and Communists take over China, prompting hysteria in America over “Communist threat.” Sen. McCarthy begins charging that “subversives” have undermined our government and begins “witch hunts” to get rid of them. 1954: In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , the Supreme Court overturns the principle of “separate but equal.” 1964: U.S. begins military presence in Vietnam. 1965: Voting Rights Act nullifies local laws and practices that prevent minorities from voting. 1969: Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon. 1973: Vietnam Peace Accords signed. 1989: Berlin Wall falls. 1990: Person Gulf crisis. 2001: Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. A Timeline of Gay and Lesbian History in the U.S. 1566: First known execution in North America of a person for same-sex sexual activities (by the Spanish in Florida). 1610: Virginia adopts “sodomy laws” of England, making sex between two men a “capital crime” punishable by death. 1642: Elizabeth Johnson becomes the first woman to be punished for violating sodomy laws (Essex County of the Massachusetts Bay Colony). 1777: In a move seen as “liberal” at the time, Thomas Jefferson proposes a revision of Viriginia law to reduce the penalty for sodomy from death to castration. This is never enacted. 1778: Gotthold Enslin becomes first American discharged from the Army for sodomy. 1860: Walt Whitman publishes first “Calamus” poems in Leaves of Grass , celebrating his “love for comrades,” a veiled reference to his homosexuality. Whitman is typical of the new gay subculture emerging in American cities. Away from the prying eyes of family and small-town neighbors, gay people in cities were freer to act on their sexual orientations than before and found it easier
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23 to meet others like themselves.
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GLBT History Timeline - A contextual look at the progress...

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