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PPT_Ch10 - Politics in States and Communities Power Point...

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Unformatted text preview: Politics in States and Communities Power Point Supplement Chapter 10 Governing America’s Communities Local Government: Close to the People Creating a sense of community Providing services Managing conflict Holding local officials accountable Opportunities for citizen involvement Local Governments in the U.S. Total 88,000 County Government Management Elected officials include county commissioners or supervisors with general responsibilities for all county functions, and some of the following: sheriff, auditor, treasurer, attorney, recorder, coroner, clerk, tax assessor, tax collector Many counties have professional administrators or county managers who oversee the administrative functions Typical County Functions Assess and levy property taxes Maintain local roads and bridges Administer elections Provide law enforcement, jails, and courts Administer various health and welfare programs Conservation and recreation facilities and programs Typical County Functions Number of Local Governments by State Municipal Governments Usually created by state charter and provide common functions such as police, fire, streets, sewer, sanitation, parks, and welfare services Typically managed by a city council and mayor with varying degrees of authority and responsibility and often with a city manager leading the bureaucracy Forms of Municipal Governments Types of Elections Options Partisan and non­partisan elections At­large districts Single­member districts City­county consolidation efforts Legislative control: home rule, city charters, and court challenges Towns and Townships Townships are often in the Midwest and towns in New England Subdivisions of counties providing similar services New England town meetings offer a distinguished form of representative government School Districts Organized to provide public elementary and secondary education Usually managed by a superintendent appointed by an elected school board Over 13,000 local school districts Community colleges may also fall into this category Special Districts Provide specific services, usually a single function such as fire protection, mass transit, soil conservation, libraries, water and irrigation, sewage disposal, airports, sports, convention centers, etc. On the Web www.naco.org National Association of Counties www.nlc.org National League of Cities ...
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