This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Politics in States and Communities
Power Point Supplement Chapter 10
Governing America’s Communities Local Government: Close to the People Creating a sense of community
Holding local officials accountable
Opportunities for citizen involvement Local Governments in the U.S.
Total 88,000 County Government Management Elected officials include county commissioners or supervisors with general responsibilities for all county functions, and some of the following: sheriff, auditor, treasurer, attorney, recorder, coroner, clerk, tax assessor, tax collector
Many counties have professional administrators or county managers who oversee the administrative functions Typical County Functions Assess and levy property taxes
Maintain local roads and bridges
Provide law enforcement, jails, and courts
Administer various health and welfare programs
Conservation and recreation facilities and programs Typical County Functions Number of Local Governments by State Municipal Governments Usually created by state charter and provide common functions such as police, fire, streets, sewer, sanitation, parks, and welfare services
Typically managed by a city council and mayor with varying degrees of authority and responsibility and often with a city manager leading the bureaucracy Forms of Municipal Governments Types of Elections Options Partisan and nonpartisan elections
Citycounty consolidation efforts
Legislative control: home rule, city charters, and court challenges Towns and Townships Townships are often in the Midwest and towns in New England
Subdivisions of counties providing similar services
New England town meetings offer a distinguished form of representative government School Districts Organized to provide public elementary and secondary education
Usually managed by a superintendent appointed by an elected school board
Over 13,000 local school districts
Community colleges may also fall into this category Special Districts Provide specific services, usually a single function such as fire protection, mass transit, soil conservation, libraries, water and irrigation, sewage disposal, airports, sports, convention centers, etc. On the Web www.naco.org National Association of Counties
www.nlc.org National League of Cities ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 05/27/2011 for the course POS 2112 taught by Professor Densu during the Fall '09 term at Florida A&M.
- Fall '09