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State&LocalGovNOTES

State&LocalGovNOTES - Fall 2009 Hannah Brooks...

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Fall 2009 Hannah Brooks 300068851 POS 2112 State and Local Government Kwasi Densu Tuesday, August 25 th , 2009 What is politics? The activities associated with conducting the policies and actions and affairs The activities associated with regulations of influence Thursday, August 27 th , 2009 Read Ch 1-3 Politics is : -The art and process of gaining, maintaining and using power. > Power: The authoritative allocation of values [What you see as important, defines how you view human development] > Values = Worldview - Social and self-governance, which leads to mutual responsibility and interdependency, in creating and maintaining the good society > This definition presupposes that people will resolve conflict for the betterment of the whole. > Emphasizes the connection to other people in society. - The management of conflict. - The process by which people pursue collective goals and deal with their conflicts authoritatively through government. SO… What is a State / Government? - An organized political community
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Macro Level Theory of Organization 3 Basic Structures 1) Social 2) Economic 3) State This theory implies that the government must protect the culture [the collective entity of social/economic structures] from external forces, internal problems , manage conflict within the system , and distribute social and material resources Socially? Education Patterns of Deference [Norms and values of society… unspoken laws – reinforce values of society] Family Age Gender Primary Institutions Religion Economic? The way a given society or community provides for its material needs How does the society view nature ? [Nature] What do you need in order to exist? [Need] [Technology] How do people work/distribute labor ? [Labor] How are decisions made? [Power] How is wealth distributed in society? [Distribution] Social Economic State [Government ]
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Tuesday, September 1 st , 2009 The Diagram helps us understand: What is a government? What does it do? ..This shows us how to study government Imari Obadele’s Macro Level Theory of Organization Social ? Patterns of deference i.e. Jim Crow south, off the curb Or standing up for elderly woman on bus Economic? modes of Production The way a community or society provides for material needs Nature – Needs – Technology Labor – Power – Distribution __ Types or Categories of States Why do Political systems expand and become more complex? 1) Athenian Model a. Based on ancient Athens b. A state born to maintain class distinctions within society 2) Spartan/Tutsi Model a. Militarized Society – The strong hold the power 3) Born out of Resistance a. i.e. United States. b. A country created as a result of rebellion 4) African Mode of Production a. Emerges as a state seeking Mutual benefit b. I.e. EU
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Thursday, September 3, 2009 Typologies characterize by certain qualities How are decisions made?
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