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FormulaeFinalExam

# FormulaeFinalExam - as the incoming light the object...

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Formulae for Final Exam process) reversible a for (0 0 : amics thermodyn of law second and Entropy / : process reversible a for Entropy ) /( : or refrigerat Carnot a for e perfromanc of t Coefficien / ) ( / 1 : engine Carnot a for efficiency Thermal ) /( / : or refrigerat a for e performanc of t Coefficien / 1 / 1 / : enegine heat a for efficiency Thermal 2 1 = = = = = = = + = = S T dQ S T T T K T T T T T Q Q Q W Q K Q Q Q Q Q W C H C H C H H C H H C C H C H C H ε f M R R n f f s s s n s n m R n n s n s n s n s n m s n s n s s m f R s s s s m s s h h m n n n n n n n v c n b a a b b a b a b a a b p a b b b a a a r / cm 25 / ' : ion magnificat Angular )] / 1 ( ) / 1 )[( 1 ( / 1 / 1 ' / 1 / 1 : lens Thin ) /( ' ; / ) ( ' / / : surface refracting Spherical 1 ) /( ' ; 0 ' / / : surface refracting Plane / ' ; / 1 / 2 ' / 1 / 1 : mirror Spherical 1 / ' ; 0 ' / 1 / 1 : mirror Plane / ' : ion magnificat Lateral / tan : law s Brewster' / sin : angle Critical sin sin : law s Snell' : reflection of Law / ; / : refraction of Index 2 1 crit 0 = = = = + = = + = = = + = = = + = = = + = = = = = = = θ λ Sign Rules: (1) Sign rule for the object distance: When object is on the same side of the reflecting or refracting surface
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Unformatted text preview: as the incoming light, the object distance s is positive. Otherwise it is negative. (2) Sign rule for the image distance: When image is on the same side of the reflecting or refracting surface as the outgoing light, the image distance i (or s’) is positive (real image). Otherwise it is negative (virtual image). (3) Sign rule for the radius of curvature of a spherical surface: When the center of curvature C is on the same side as the outgoing light, the radius of the curvature is positive. Otherwise it is negative....
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