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Formula/Review Sheet by Qiu PHY 2020 for MidTerm Exam 3, 2010
t
x
v
=
[average speed = (distance)/(time)]
Velocity is a vector!
Speed is the magnitude of the velocity vector.
(
29
t
x
x
t
x
v
o

=
∆
∆
=
[instantaneous velocity = (change in distance)/(change in time)]
t
v
a
∆
=
[average acceleration = (change in velocity)/(time)]
Acceleration is a vector!
t
v
a
∆
∆
=
[instantaneous acceleration = (change in velocity)/(change in time)]
When given a graph of distance versus time, the slope is the velocity.
When given a graph of velocity versus time, the slope is the acceleration.
Workhorse Equations (for constant acceleration)
t
)
v
v
(
a
o

=
(
29
o
2
o
2
x
x
2
v
v
a


=
t
2
v
v
x
x
o
o
+
+
=
2
o
o
at
t
v
x
x
2
1
+
+
=
2
2
s
ft
32
s
m
8
.
9
g
=
=
θ
=
cos
v
v
x
0
C
Bx
Ax
2
=
+
+
A
2
AC
4
B
B
x
2

±

=
θ
=
sin
v
v
y
a
m
F
=
[Force = (mass)(acceleration)]
2
y
2
x
v
v
v
+
=
Force is a vector!
unit is N = Newton
x
y
v
v
tan
=
θ
Frictional Force is opposite to direction of motion.
In equilibrium, the sum of all forces acting on a body is zero.
1
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View Full DocumentFormula/Review Sheet by Qiu PHY 2020 for MidTerm Exam 3, 2010
Projectile Motion
xdirection
ydirection
0
a
x
=
g
a
y

=
o
o
xo
cos
v
v
θ
=
o
o
yo
sin
v
v
θ
=
xo
x
v
v
=
(constant!)
gt
sin
v
v
o
o
y

θ
=
t
)
cos
v
(
x
x
o
o
o
θ
+
=
2
o
o
o
gt
t
)
sin
v
(
y
y
2
1

θ
+
=
Trajectory:
2
o
2
2
o
o
x
cos
v
2
g
x
)
(tan
y
θ

θ
=
Max. Height:
g
2
sin
v
h
0
2
2
o
θ
=
Range:
g
2
sin
v
R
o
2
o
θ
=
f
o
E
E
=
Conservation of Energy
f
f
o
o
)
KE
(
)
PE
(
W
)
KE
(
)
PE
(
+
=
+
+
d
F
W
=
[Work = (Force) (distance)]
(unit is J, Joule)
Force and distance are vectors and their dot product gives the scalar Work.
So, use only the component of the Force that is in the direction of the movement.
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 Spring '08
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 Physics

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