chap 02-Personalitystudent

chap 02-Personalitystudent - chapter 2...

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Theories of personality chapter 2
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Overview Psychodynamic influences Genetic influences Environmental influences Cultural influences The inner experience chapter 2
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chapter 2 Defining personality and  traits Personality Distinctive and relatively stable pattern of  behaviors, thoughts, motives, and emotions that  characterizes an individual Trait A characteristic of an individual, describing a  habitual way of behaving, thinking, and feeling
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Psychodynamic theories Theories that explain behavior and  personality in terms of unconscious  dynamics within the individual chapter 2
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The structure of personality Id:  Primitive, unconscious part of  personality Ego:  Mediates between id and  superego Superego:  moral ideals,  conscience chapter 2
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Defense mechanisms  Repression  Projection  Displacement  Reaction formation  Regression  Denial chapter 2
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Personality development Freud’s stages Oral Anal Phallic Latency Genital Fixation occurs when stages aren’t resolved  successfully chapter 2
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Other psychodynamic  approaches Jungian theory Collective unconscious: the universal memories, symbols, and  experiences of the human kind, represented in the symbols,  stories, and images (archetypes) that occur across all cultures Two important archetypes are maleness and femaleness, which  Jung believed existed in both sexes.
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This note was uploaded on 05/29/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Erickahamilton during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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chap 02-Personalitystudent - chapter 2...

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