chap 12-Treatmenthandout - chapter 12 ApproachestoTreatment...

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Approaches to Treatment  and Therapy chapter 12
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Overview Biological treatments Kinds of psychotherapy Evaluating psychotherapy chapter 12
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Biological Treatments  Regards mental disorders as diseases that can be treated medically Main classes of drugs used for treatment of mental and emotional disorders Antipsychotic Antidepressants Tranquilizers Lithium Carbonate
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Antipsychotic drugs Many block or reduce sensitivity of dopamine  receptors. Some increase levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter  that inhibits dopamine activity Can relieve positive symptoms of schizophrenia, but  ineffective—or even worsen—negative symptoms chapter 12
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Antidepressant drugs Primarily to treat depression, anxiety, phobias, and obsessive- compulsive disorder Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s) Tricyclic antidepressants Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s)     chapter 12
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Tranquilizers Increase the activity of GABA Developed for treatment of mild anxiety Often prescribed inappropriately chapter 12
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Lithium carbonate Used to treat bipolar disorder Moderates levels of norepinephrine   Must be given in right dose   chapter 12
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chap 12-Treatmenthandout - chapter 12 ApproachestoTreatment...

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