WT 4e, chap 14 Student(2)

WT 4e, chap 14 Student(2) - chapter 14...

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The major motives of life:  Love, sex, food, and work chapter 14
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Defining motivation An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation chapter 14
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Defining motivation Motive Needs or desires that energize and direct behavior towards a goal.
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Defining motivation   Intrinsic motivation: the pursuit of an activity for its own sake Extrinsic motivation: the pursuit of an activity for external rewards such as money or fame
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Theories of Motivation  Instinct Theory The notion that human behavior is motivated by certain innate tendencies or instincts, shared by all individuals
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Theories of Motivation  Drive Reduction Theory A theory of motivation suggesting that a need creates an unpleasant state of arousal or tension called a drive, which needs to be reduced.
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Theories of Motivation  Arousal theory A theory suggesting that the aim of motivation is to maintain an optimal level of arousal.
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Theories of Motivation  Needs arranged hierarchically. Low-level needs must be met before higher- level needs will be addressed.
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The biology of love Neurological origins of passionate love begin in infancy when infants attach to mother. Certain neurotransmitters and hormones involved in pleasure and reward are activated in mother- baby, adult lover, and close friend bonds. chapter 14
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The psychology of love The need for affiliation The motive to associate with other people, by seeking friends, companionship, or love Predictors of love Proximity: choosing friends and lovers from the set of people
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WT 4e, chap 14 Student(2) - chapter 14...

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