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Chapters 1 and 2 handouts

Chapters 1 and 2 handouts - Today’s Objectives Today’s...

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Unformatted text preview: Today’s Objectives Today’s Introductions – Who you are and something unique about Who yourself yourself Review Syllabus Begin Chapters 1 and 2 – Types of learning – Applications of BMod Any questions? Syllabus Review… Syllabus Copies of syllabi also on Blackboard A word about Blackboard… B-mod is about APPLICATION B-mod Class Discussion Activities Class During random classes, there will be an During activity worth a portion of your participation grade grade For every class activity, you will turn in the For handout for points handout THE HANDOUT IS FOR YOUR BENEFIT- IT THE IS A CREDIT/NO CREDIT ASSIGNMENT IS It is more important that you DISCUSS with It your group- don’t worry about the handout! your Class discussion Class Noncontingent reinforcement/”Enriched Noncontingent Environment” Environment” What do you think? Are you reinforcing What something? What is it? Discuss in a small group. So… So… We have to start with defining the We BEHAVIOR!!! BEHAVIOR!!! Historical Background Historical How do we explain human behavior? And in the beginning… And Behavior. What is it? What about thoughts? Are thoughts What behavior? behavior? B-Mod Prefers… B-Mod Objective, specific behavior Labels are not as helpful- not causal Behavioral deficits and excesses B-mod is about… B-mod Application of learning principles Application of – Applied Behavior Analysis( ABA) Using B.Mod principles systematically to change Using behavior in pervasive disorders. behavior – Behavior Therapy Using reinforcement and punishment to change Using behavior (ex: depression, eating disorders etc.) behavior Not just to things traditionally Not “psychological” “psychological” Applications of B-mod Applications Parenting – Naturally and with out Naturally systematic planning , usually use B.Mod to develop their child (potty training, walking, chores, talking etc.) chores, – Not necessarily the Not correct method. correct – Not necessarily a Not conscience decision. conscience Applications… Applications… Classroom Management – Special Education 1960’s – civil rights step up Treatment of choice In seat behavior, self help, In – General Education Extra recess Extra – PSI (not used as frequently today as in 70’sand PSI 80’s) 80’s) Applications (Continued) Applications Health Care – Behavioral medicine – Pain management – Medication compliance – not following Medication medication regiment medication – Cardiac Rehab Cardiac – Therapeutic Recreation – using rec. activities to Therapeutic get more healthy outcomes (ex: possible substance abuser’s treatment) substance Businesses and Industry Some misconceptions of B-Mod Some Behaviorists think thoughts don’t exist Use of rewards is bribery B-Mod therapists are cold and uncaring B-Mod is only applicable to simple problems B-Mod only changes symptoms, not the B-Mod underlying cause underlying Basic Principles Basic What do we remember from Intro? – Pairing two stimuli together – One stimuli elicits behavior Classical Conditioning – One type of learning – Discovered by Pavolv – Salivation patterns of dogs – Involved: Unconditioned Stimuli Unconditioned Response Classical Conditioning Classical Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) → An event Unconditioned that consistently and automatically (doesn’t need 2 be learned, just happens) elicits an unconditioned response unconditioned Unconditioned Response (UCR) → An Unconditioned action that the unconditioned stimulus automatically elicits. automatically How it works How Bell (neutral Stimulus) (becomes CS) Bell Meat powder (UCS) Salivation (UCR) Meat Alcohol Salivating is both the unconditioned and Salivating conditioned response depending on what elicits it. elicits – If elicited by meat powder = UCR – If elicited by bell – CR Operant Conditioning Operant B-mod tends to focus more on operant conditioning Discovered by Edward Thorndike Law of Effect – If a behavior is followed by a positive Law outcome, it will be performed more. If behavior is followed by somethin unpleasant we will perform it less. less. B. F. Skinner – The principles of reinforcement and punishment. (we The adhere to this in B-MOD more frequently) adhere – Founder/father of operant conditioning Positive reinforcement ARE YOU WITH ME ARE Negative reinforcement- increases Negative frequency by REMOVING something frequency Putting on sunglasses because, the sun Putting makes your eyes hurt = neg. reinforcement makes – You take away the sun (which is unpleasant) Wrap-up Wrap-up Questions/thoughts/comments? Next time: Chapter 20 and 21 ...
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