Week 1 -Book Notes - Chapters 1 and 2

Week 1 -Book Notes - Chapters 1 and 2 - Behavior...

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Behavior Modification – Book notes – Chapters 1 and 2 Approx ½ of the deaths in the US are caused by unhealthy behavior Behavioral synonyms: activity , action, performance, response, rxn Developed as alternative to traditional psychoanalytic/diagnostic assessment. Types of Behavior Overt - Visible behaviors o Can be observed and recorded by an individual other than the one “behaving” Covert – Private, internal behaviors “Cognitive behaviors” o Can’t be readily observed o Occurs “within ones skin” Both can be influenced by techniques and behavior modification Terminology Dimensions of behavior – can be measured Duration – length of time Frequency - # of instances that occur in a given period of time Intensity/Force – the physical effort or energy involved in emitting the behavior Labels Positives: o May provide quick general information about how the labeled individual may perform o May imply that a particular treatment programs will be helpful
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Negative o It may lead to pseudo-explanations of behavior “circular reasoning” o Labels can negatively affect the way an individual might be treated What is Behavior Modification Characteristics of B. Mod. 1. There is a STRONG emphasis on defining problems in terms of behavior that can be measured in some way, and using changes in the behavioral measure of the problem as the best indicator of the extent to which the problem is being helped. 2. Treatment procedures and techniques are ways of altering a individuals current environment 3. The methods and rationales can be described precisely. 4. The techniques of behavior modification are often applied by individuals in everyday life. 5. The techniques stem from basic and applied research in the science of learning in general, and the principles of operant and Pavlovian conditioning in particular. 6. Emphasizes scientific demonstration that a particular intervention was responsible for a particular behavior change, and it places high value on accountability for everyone involved in behavior modification programs. Environment = people, objects, and events currently present in one’s immediate surroundings that impinge on one’s sense receptors and can affect behavior. Stimuli = The people, objects and events that make up a person’s environment. Difference between talk therapists and behavior modifiers
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BM’s frequently actively involved in restructuring a client’s daily environment to strengthen appropriate behavior TT’s focus more on Client’s past experiences BM’s frequently give homework where the client changes their everyday environment Behavior modification involves a systematic application of learning principles and techniques to assess and improve individuals covert and overt behaviors, in order to enhance their functioning. Target Behavior –
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Week 1 -Book Notes - Chapters 1 and 2 - Behavior...

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